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  1. Inadequate protein intake is known to be deleterious in animals. Using WHO consensus documents for human nutrient requirements, the protein:energy ratio (P:E) of an adequate diet is > 5%. Cassava has a very lo...

    Authors: Kevin Stephenson, Rachel Amthor, Sally Mallowa, Rhoda Nungo, Busie Maziya-Dixon, Simon Gichuki, Ada Mbanaso and Mark Manary
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2010 9:9
  2. Metabolic syndrome, a constellation of metabolic risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, is one of the fastest growing disease entities in the world. Weight loss is thought to be a key to ...

    Authors: Sonia F Shenoy, Walker SC Poston, Rebecca S Reeves, Alexandra G Kazaks, Roberta R Holt, Carl L Keen, Hsin Ju Chen, C Keith Haddock, Barbara L Winters, Chor San H Khoo and John P Foreyt
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2010 9:8
  3. The aim of this work is to identify major food sources and dietary constituents of Senegalese adults. We conducted a cross-sectional study, using a single 24-hour dietary recall interview. Foods were classifie...

    Authors: Cheryl AM Anderson, Scarlett Bellamy, Mindy Figures, Charnita Zeigler-Johnson, Mohamed Jalloh, Elaine Spangler, Margerie Coomes, Serigne Gueye and Timothy R Rebbeck
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2010 9:7
  4. Malnutrition is a common consequence of disease in older patients. Both in hospital setting and in community setting oral nutritional support has proven to be effective. However, cost-effectiveness studies are...

    Authors: Floor Neelemaat, Abel Thijs, Jaap C Seidell, Judith E Bosmans and Marian AE van Bokhorst-de van der Schueren
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2010 9:6
  5. Constipation is a significant problem in the elderly, specifically nursing home and/or extended-care facility residents are reported to suffer from constipation. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are beneficial probi...

    Authors: Hyang Mi An, Eun Hye Baek, Seok Jang, Do Kyung Lee, Mi Jin Kim, Jung Rae Kim, Kang Oh Lee, Jong Gi Park and Nam Joo Ha
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2010 9:5
  6. In observational studies anaemia and iron deficiency are associated with cognitive deficits, suggesting that iron supplementation may improve cognitive function. However, due to the potential for confounding b...

    Authors: Martin Falkingham, Asmaa Abdelhamid, Peter Curtis, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Louise Dye and Lee Hooper
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2010 9:4
  7. A plant-based diet protects against chronic oxidative stress-related diseases. Dietary plants contain variable chemical families and amounts of antioxidants. It has been hypothesized that plant antioxidants ma...

    Authors: Monica H Carlsen, Bente L Halvorsen, Kari Holte, Siv K Bøhn, Steinar Dragland, Laura Sampson, Carol Willey, Haruki Senoo, Yuko Umezono, Chiho Sanada, Ingrid Barikmo, Nega Berhe, Walter C Willett, Katherine M Phillips, David R Jacobs Jr and Rune Blomhoff
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2010 9:3
  8. There is substantial evidence that low consumption of fruit and vegetables (FV) is a major risk factor for many chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to assess FV consumption and the variables that influ...

    Authors: Leili Salehi, Hassan Eftekhar, Kazem Mohammad, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Abolghasem Jazayery and Ali Montazeri
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2010 9:2
  9. In meta-analyses supplementation with vitamin D appears to reduce incidence of fractures, and in cross-sectional studies there is a positive association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and b...

    Authors: Rolf Jorde, Monica Sneve, Peter A Torjesen, Yngve Figenschau, John-Bjarne Hansen and Guri Grimnes
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2010 9:1
  10. This research was conducted to explore the relationships between the levels of omega-3 fatty acids in serum phospholipid and key fatty acid ratios including potential cut-offs for risk factor assessment with r...

    Authors: Bruce J Holub, Mike Wlodek, William Rowe and Jerry Piekarski
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:58
  11. Body mass index (BMI) is often used as an objective surrogate estimate of body fat. Increased BMI is directly associated with an increase in metabolic disease, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The Stun...

    Authors: Harold E Bays, Debbra D Bazata, Kathleen M Fox, Susan Grandy and James R Gavin III
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:57
  12. Water soluble β-carotene (WS-BC) is a carotenoid form that has been developed as a food colorant. WS-BC is known to contain 10% of all-trans β-carotene (AT-BC). The aim of the present study was to investigate in ...

    Authors: Tomoko T Yamanushi, Midori I Torii, Najma Janjua and Hideaki Kabuto
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:56
  13. The nutritional status of the aging individual results from a complex interaction between personal and environmental factors. A disease influences and is influenced by the nutritional status and the functional...

    Authors: Maria RM Oliveira, Kelly CP Fogaça and Vânia A Leandro-Merhi
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:54
  14. The reproductive axis is closely linked to nutritional status. The purpose of this study was to compare the nutritional status in two groups of young infertile women, without clinically overt eating disorders:...

    Authors: Ottavia Colombo, Giovanna Pinelli, Mario Comelli, Pierpaolo Marchetti, Sabina Sieri, Furio Brighenti, Rossella E Nappi and Anna Tagliabue
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:53
  15. Phase 2® is a dietary supplement derived from the common white kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Phase 2 has been shown to inhibit alpha-amylase, the complex carbohydrate digesting enzyme, in vitro. The inhibitio...

    Authors: Jay K Udani, Betsy B Singh, Marilyn L Barrett and Harry G Preuss
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:52
  16. Preterm infants need high amounts of calcium and phosphorus for bone mineralization, which is difficult to obtain with parenteral feeding due to the low solubility of these salts. The objective of this study w...

    Authors: Daniela de Oliveira Ribeiro, Bianca Waruar Lobo, Nádia Maria Volpato, Venício Féo da Veiga, Lúcio Mendes Cabral and Valeria Pereira de Sousa
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:51
  17. During last few decades, soft drink consumption has steadily increased while milk intake has decreased. Excess consumption of soft drinks and low milk intake may pose risks of several diseases such as dental c...

    Authors: Eun-Jeong Ha, Natalie Caine-Bish, Christopher Holloman and Karen Lowry-Gordon
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:50
  18. African Americans (AA) suffer from an increased incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC). Environmental exposures including dietary habits likely contribute to a high burden of CRC, however, data on ...

    Authors: Volker Mai, Quintece M McCrary, Rashmi Sinha and Michael Glei
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:49
  19. The ability to reduce inflammation in overweight and obese individuals may be valuable in preventing the progression to metabolic syndrome with associated risks for heart disease and diabetes. The purpose of t...

    Authors: Jay K Udani, Betsy B Singh, Marilyn L Barrett and Vijay J Singh
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:48
  20. Incidence of diabetes, obesity and insulin resistance are associated with high glycemic load diets. Identifying food components that decrease post-prandial glycemia may be beneficial for developing low glycemi...

    Authors: Brent L Petersen, Loren S Ward, Eric D Bastian, Alexandra L Jenkins, Janice Campbell and Vladimir Vuksan
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:47
  21. Adult-type hypolactasia, the physiological decline of lactase some time after weaning, was previously associated with the LCT -13910C>T polymorphism worldwide except in Africa. Lactase non-persistence is the m...

    Authors: Rejane Mattar, Maria S Monteiro, Cibele A Villares, Aníbal F Santos, Joyce MK Silva and Flair J Carrilho
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:46
  22. The glycaemic response to foods is dependent on the quality and content of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates in the form of dietary fibre have favourable effects on insulin and glucose metabolism and may help to co...

    Authors: Netta Lummela, Riina A Kekkonen, Tiina Jauhiainen, Taru K Pilvi, Tuula Tuure, Salme Järvenpää, Johan G Eriksson and Riitta Korpela
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:45
  23. Poor growth of children in developing countries is a major public health problem associated with mortality, morbidity and developmental delay. We describe growth up to three years of age and investigate factor...

    Authors: Andrea M Rehman, Beryl P Gladstone, Valsan P Verghese, Jayaprakash Muliyil, Shabbar Jaffar and Gagandeep Kang
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:44
  24. Strawberry flavonoids are potent antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents that have been shown to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors in prospective cohort studies. Effects of strawberry supplementatio...

    Authors: Arpita Basu, Marci Wilkinson, Kavitha Penugonda, Brandi Simmons, Nancy M Betts and Timothy J Lyons
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:43
  25. Rye products have previously been shown to induce comparatively low post-prandial insulin responses; irrespectively of their glycaemic indices (GI). However, the mechanism behind this lowered insulin demand re...

    Authors: Liza AH Rosén, Lorena O Blanco Silva, Ulrika K Andersson, Cecilia Holm, Elin M Östman and Inger ME Björck
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:42
  26. The acid-ash hypothesis posits that increased excretion of "acidic" ions derived from the diet, such as phosphate, contributes to net acidic ion excretion, urine calcium excretion, demineralization of bone, an...

    Authors: Tanis R Fenton, Andrew W Lyon, Michael Eliasziw, Suzanne C Tough and David A Hanley
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:41
  27. Recent studies have demonstrated a correlation between perceived stress and oxidative stress. As SOD is the main enzyme of the enzymatic antioxidant defence system of the body, we evaluated the effect of an or...

    Authors: Marie-Anne Milesi, Dominique Lacan, Hervé Brosse, Didier Desor and Claire Notin
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:40
  28. Several studies report that dietary fibre from different sources promotes the feeling of satiety and suppresses hunger. However, results for cereal fibre from rye are essentially lacking. The aim of the presen...

    Authors: Hanna Isaksson, Helena Fredriksson, Roger Andersson, Johan Olsson and Per Åman
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:39
  29. The objective of this clinical study was to assess the potential benefit of a dietary supplement, NP 06-1, on joint health in overweight and normal weight adults diagnosed with osteoarthritis.

    Authors: Julius Oben, Ebangha Enonchong, Shil Kothari, Walter Chambliss, Robert Garrison and Deanne Dolnick
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:38
  30. Fatty acid measurements especially trans fatty acid has gained interest in recent times. Among the various available biomarkers, adipose tissue is considered to be the best for the long term dietary intake but...

    Authors: Ruby Gupta, Ransi Ann Abraham, Savita Dhatwalia, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Dorairaj Prabhakaran and Kolli Srinath Reddy
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:35
  31. Whey protein is a potential source of bioactive peptides. Based on findings from in vitro experiments indicating a novel whey derived peptide (NOP-47) increased endothelial nitric oxide synthesis, we tested its e...

    Authors: Kevin D Ballard, Richard S Bruno, Richard L Seip, Erin E Quann, Brittanie M Volk, Daniel J Freidenreich, Diana M Kawiecki, Brian R Kupchak, Min-Yu Chung, William J Kraemer and Jeff S Volek
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:34
  32. In the last decade we have been working on standardization of propolis extract and determination of active constituents of wine those are rich in polyphenolics and have nutritional as well as therapeutic value...

    Authors: Marica Medić-Šarić, Vesna Rastija, Mirza Bojić and Željan Maleš
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:33
  33. Certain foods might be more frequently eaten under stress or when higher levels of depressive symptoms are experienced. We examined whether poor nutritional habits are associated with stress and depressive sym...

    Authors: Rafael T Mikolajczyk, Walid El Ansari and Annette E Maxwell
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:31
  34. The incidence of primary osteoporosis is higher in Japan than in USA and European countries. Recently, the importance of preventive medicine has been gradually recognized in the field of orthopaedic surgery wi...

    Authors: Junji Ohtani, Rene Arturo Marquez Hernandez, Hiroko Sunagawa, Tadashi Fujita, Toshitsugu Kawata, Masato Kaku, Masahide Motokawa, Natsumi Tsuka, Hiroyuki Koseki, Yayoi Matsuda, Hidetaka Hayashi, Sara Abedini and Kazuo Tanne
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:30
  35. The prevalence of food insecurity is an indicator of material well-being in an area of basic need. The U.S. Food Security Module has been adapted for use in a wide variety of cultural and linguistic settings a...

    Authors: Morteza Rafiei, Mark Nord, Atefeh Sadeghizadeh and Mohammad H Entezari
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:28
  36. Parents who perceive common infant behaviors as formula intolerance-related often switch formulas without consulting a health professional. Up to one-half of formula-fed infants experience a formula change dur...

    Authors: Carol Lynn Berseth, Susan Hazels Mitmesser, Ekhard E Ziegler, John D Marunycz and Jon Vanderhoof
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:27
  37. The intake of dietary fibre has been shown to reduce the risk of developing diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of commercial rye whole-meal bread containing whole kernels and w...

    Authors: Joanna Hlebowicz, Jenny Maria Jönsson, Sandra Lindstedt, Ola Björgell, Gassan Darwich and Lars-Olof Almér
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:26
  38. For cachectic patients with chronic respiratory disease (CRD), conventional enteral nutrition formula is an optional treatment to maintain energy balance. The molecular mechanisms by which enteral nutrition fo...

    Authors: Jun-ichi Ashitani, Nobuhiro Matsumoto and Masamitsu Nakazato
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:25
  39. Many clinical studies have demonstrated that early postoperative enteral nutrition (EN) improved the postroperative course. Post-pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), patients tend to suffer from postoperative nausea,...

    Authors: Shigeyuki Nagata, Kengo Fukuzawa, Yukio Iwashita, Akira Kabashima, Tadahiko Kinoshita, Kenzo Wakasugi and Yoshihiko Maehara
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:24
  40. To provide an initial evaluation of insulin sensitivity and secretion indices derived from a standard liquid meal tolerance test protocol in subjects with normal (NFG), impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or type 2...

    Authors: Kevin C Maki, James M McKenney, Mildred V Farmer, Matthew S Reeves and Mary R Dicklin
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:22
  41. Dairy products are high in saturated fat and are traditionally a risk factor for vascular diseases. The fatty acids 15:0 and 17:0 of plasma lipids are biomarkers of milk fat intake. The aim of the present stud...

    Authors: Eva Warensjö, Annika Smedman, Birgitta Stegmayr, Göran Hallmans, Lars Weinehall, Bengt Vessby and Ingegerd Johansson
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:21
  42. To explore the point prevalence of the risk of malnutrition and the targeting of nutritional interventions in relation to undernutrition risk and hospital volume.

    Authors: Albert Westergren, Christine Wann-Hansson, Elisabet Bergh Börgdal, Jeanette Sjölander, Rosmarie Strömblad, Rosemarie Klevsgård, Carolina Axelsson, Christina Lindholm and Kerstin Ulander
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:20
  43. Aging is a process associated with physiological changes such as in body composition, energy expenditure and physical activity. Data on energy and nutrient intake adequacy among elderly is important for diseas...

    Authors: Maria Grace D Risonar, Pura Rayco-Solon, Judy D Ribaya-Mercado, Juan Antonio A Solon, Aegina B Cabalda, Lorena W Tengco and Florentino S Solon
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:19
  44. Several studies have examined the correlation between iron oxidation and H2O2 degradation. The present study was carried out to examine the protective effects of MRN-100 against stress-induced apoptosis in murine...

    Authors: Mamdooh Ghoneum, Motohiro Matsuura and Sastry Gollapudi
    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2009 8:18

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