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  1. The plant stanol ester margarine Benecol® is a functional food that has been shown to lower effectively serum total and LDL-cholesterol. The purpose of this post-marketing study is to characterize users of plant ...

    Authors: Meri Simojoki, Riitta Luoto, Antti Uutela, Hannu Rita, John D Boice Jr, Joseph K McLaughlin and Pekka Puska

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. In Africa, herbal medicines are often used as primary treatment for HIV/AIDS and for HIV-related problems. In general, traditional medicines are not well researched, and are poorly regulated. We review the evi...

    Authors: Edward Mills, Curtis Cooper, Dugald Seely and Izzy Kanfer

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:19

    Content type: Review

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  3. The Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) is one of the most commonly used tools in epidemiologic studies to assess long-term nutritional exposure. The purpose of this study is to describe the development of a cu...

    Authors: Mahshid Dehghan, Nawal Al Hamad, AfzalHussein Yusufali, Fathimunissa Nusrath, Salim Yusuf and Anwar T Merchant

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:18

    Content type: Research

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  4. Increased rates of death from asbestos related diseases have been reported for people previously employed in the mining and milling operations at Wittenoom (Western Australia), and people who lived in the near...

    Authors: Helman S Alfonso, Lin Fritschi, Nicholas H de Klerk, Gina Ambrosini, John Beilby, Nola Olsen and A William Musk

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:16

    Content type: Research

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  5. Several investigators have reported that clinical improvements of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), from participating in therapeutic diet intervention studies, have been accompanied by loss of body wei...

    Authors: Lars Sköldstam, Lars Brudin, Linda Hagfors and Gunnar Johansson

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:15

    Content type: Research

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  6. The effect of food supplementation provided by the World Food Programme to patients and their families enrolled in a predominantly HIV/AIDS home based care programme in Bangwe Malawi is assessed.

    Authors: Cameron Bowie, Linda Kalilani, Reg Marsh, Humphrey Misiri, Paul Cleary and Claire Bowie

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:12

    Content type: Research

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  7. Favorable dietary habits promote health, whereas unfavorable habits link to various chronic diseases. An individual's "sense of coherence" (SOC) is reported to correlate with prevalence of some diseases to which ...

    Authors: Ulrika Lindmark, Birgitta Stegmayr, Berit Nilsson, Bernt Lindahl and Ingegerd Johansson

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:9

    Content type: Research

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  8. Although soy protein and its isoflavones have been reported to reduce the risk of osteoporosis in peri- and post-menopausal women, most of these studies are of short duration (i.e. six months). The objective o...

    Authors: Bahram H Arjmandi, Edralin A Lucas, Dania A Khalil, Latha Devareddy, Brenda J Smith, Jennifer McDonald, Andrea B Arquitt, Mark E Payton and Claudia Mason

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. This is a report on a 37-patient continuation study of the open ended, Omega-3 Fatty Acid (O-3FA) add-on study. Subjects consisted of the original 19 patients, along with 18 new patients recruited and followed...

    Authors: Kemal Sagduyu, Mehmet E Dokucu, Bruce A Eddy, Gerald Craigen, Claudia F Baldassano and Ayşegül Yıldız

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. We have previously shown that irregular lifestyle of young Japanese female students are significantly related to their desire to be thinner. In the present study, we examined the nutritional knowledge and food...

    Authors: Ruka Sakamaki, Kenji Toyama, Rie Amamoto, Chuan-Jun Liu and Naotaka Shinfuku

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Migraine and tension-type headaches impose a tremendous economic drain upon the healthcare system. Intravenous and oral niacin has been employed in the treatment of acute and chronic migraine and tension-type ...

    Authors: Jonathan Prousky and Dugald Seely

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:3

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  12. Quercetin and quercetin glycosides are widely consumed flavonoids found in many fruits and vegetables. These compounds have a wide range of potential health benefits, and understanding the bioavailability of f...

    Authors: Jeanelle Boyer, Dan Brown and Rui Hai Liu

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2005 4:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  13. We investigated lifetime alcohol consumption and prostate cancer risk in a case-control study conducted in Buffalo, NY (1998–2001).

    Authors: Maddalena Barba, Susan E McCann, Holger J Schünemann, Saverio Stranges, Barbara Fuhrman, Sabino De Placido, Giuseppe Carruba, Jo L Freudenheim, Maurizio Trevisan, Marcia Russell, Tom Nochajski and Paola Muti

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:23

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  14. Although soy protein may have many health benefits derived from its associated antioxidants, many male exercisers avoid soy protein. This is due partly to a popular, but untested notion that in males, soy is i...

    Authors: Erin C Brown, Robert A DiSilvestro, Ari Babaknia and Steven T Devor

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:22

    Content type: Research

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  15. The exclusion of individuals with elevated acute phase proteins has been advocated in order to improve prevalence estimates of vitamin A deficiency in surveys, but it is unclear whether this will lead to sampl...

    Authors: Maria Maqsood, Barbara Dancheck, Mary V Gamble, Neal A Palafox, Michelle O Ricks, Kennar Briand and Richard D Semba

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. There is evidence for an adaptive role of the omega -3 fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) during stress. Mechanisms of action may involve regulation of stress mediators, such as the catecholamines and proi...

    Authors: Joanne Bradbury, Stephen P Myers and Chris Oliver

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:20

    Content type: Research

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  17. Data regarding the impact of cigarette smoking on trace elements are scarce and inconsistent. In this study, we evaluated the effect of smoking on serum concentrations of trace elements among adult males with ...

    Authors: Sam K Bashar and Amal K Mitra

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. Reports of the use of psyllium, largely in hypercholesterolemic men, have suggested that it lowers serum cholesterol as a result of the binding of bile acids in the intestinal lumen. Widespread advertisements ...

    Authors: Guido MA Van Rosendaal, Eldon A Shaffer, Alun L Edwards and Rollin Brant

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:17

    Content type: Research

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  19. Poor diet is thought to be a risk factor for many diseases, including age-related macular disease (ARMD), which is the leading cause of blind registration in those aged over 60 years in the developed world. Th...

    Authors: Hannah Bartlett and Frank Eperjesi

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Epidemiological studies have reported associations between reduced cardiovascular disease and diets rich in tomato and/or lycopene. Intervention studies have shown that lycopene-containing foods may reduce cho...

    Authors: JK Collins, BH Arjmandi, PL Claypool, P Perkins-Veazie, RA Baker and BA Clevidence

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. We studied food consumption and nutrient intake in subjects with depressed mood, anxiety and insomnia as indices of compromised mental wellbeing.

    Authors: Reeta Hakkarainen, Timo Partonen, Jari Haukka, Jarmo Virtamo, Demetrius Albanes and Jouko Lönnqvist

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:14

    Content type: Research

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  22. Many patients do not eat and drink sufficiently during hospitalisation. The clinical consequences of this under nutrition include lassitude, an increased risk of complications and prolonged convalescence. The ...

    Authors: Karin O Lassen, Filip Kruse, Merete Bjerrum, Lillian Jensen and Kjeld Hermansen

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:12

    Content type: Research

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  23. We have demonstrated that moderate alcohol consumption (15 g/d, 30 g/d) for 8 weeks resulted in significantly increased levels of serum estrone sulfate and DHEAS in 51 postmenopausal women in a randomized, pla...

    Authors: Somdat Mahabir, David J Baer, Laura L Johnson, Joanne F Dorgan, William Campbell, Ellen Brown, Terryl J Hartman, Beverly Clevidence, Demetrius Albanes, Joseph T Judd and Philip R Taylor

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:11

    Content type: Research

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  24. It has been shown that several extracts and compounds derived from garlic are able to inhibit Cu2+-induced low density lipoprotein oxidation. In this work we explored if the ability of aqueous garlic extract to p...

    Authors: José Pedraza-Chaverrí, Mariana Gil-Ortiz, Gabriela Albarrán, Laura Barbachano-Esparza, Marta Menjívar and Omar N Medina-Campos

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:10

    Content type: Research

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  25. For adults, vitamin D intake of 100 mcg (4000 IU)/day is physiologic and safe. The adequate intake (AI) for older adults is 15 mcg (600 IU)/day, but there has been no report focusing on use of this dose.

    Authors: Reinhold Vieth, Samantha Kimball, Amanda Hu and Paul G Walfish

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:8

    Content type: Research

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  26. Coffee oil potently raises serum cholesterol levels in humans. The diterpenes cafestol and kahweol are responsible for this elevation. Coffee oil also causes elevation of liver enzyme levels in serum. It has b...

    Authors: Mark V Boekschoten, Evert G Schouten and Martijn B Katan

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Evidence suggests that a diet high in fruits and vegetables may decrease the risk of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer, and phytochemicals including phenolics, flavonoids and caroteno...

    Authors: Jeanelle Boyer and Rui Hai Liu

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:5

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  28. Homocysteine has emerged as a novel independent marker of risk for the development of cardiovascular disease over the past three decades. Additionally, there is a graded mortality risk associated with an eleva...

    Authors: Melvin R Hayden and Suresh C Tyagi

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:4

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  29. Co-supplementation of ferrous salts with vitamin C exacerbates oxidative stress in the gastrointestinal tract leading to ulceration in healthy individuals, exacerbation of chronic gastrointestinal inflammatory...

    Authors: Anna EO Fisher and Declan P Naughton

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:2

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  30. Although the consumption of wine in particular has been associated with a lower risk of atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease, systematic reviews differ as to the relative protective effect of beer, wine and...

    Authors: Joan Carles Escolá-Gil, Laura Calpe-Berdiel, Vicent Ribas and Francisco Blanco-Vaca

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2004 3:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Deficiencies of vitamin A and its precursors, the carotenoids are common problems in developing countries. Plasma levels of these components are used as biomarkers of their availability. The study was conducte...

    Authors: Florian J Schweigert, Jeannine Klingner, Andrea Hurtienne and Hans J Zunft

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. To evaluate the intermediate-term health outcomes associated with a soy-based meal replacement, and to compare the weight loss efficacy of two distinct patterns of caloric restriction.

    Authors: Kevin R Fontaine, Dongyan Yang, Gary L Gadbury, Stanley Heshka, Linda G Schwartz, Radha Murugesan, Jennifer L Kraker, Moonseong Heo, Steven B Heymsfield and David B Allison

    Citation: Nutrition Journal 2003 2:14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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