Skip to main content

Table 3 Multinomial logistic regression model of dietary Fiber intake and AAC groups in Model2

From: Dietary fiber and prevalence of abdominal aortic calcification in the United States (from the national health and nutrition examination survey data [2013–2014])

Variable Mild–moderate AAC vs No AAC Severe AAC vs No AAC
  OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value
Fiber increase/SD 0.90 (0.80–1.02) 0.104 0.72 (0.57–0.90) 0.004
Age, (vs 40–49)
 50–59 1.31 (1.10–1.55) 0.002 2.44 (2.29–2.60)  < 0.001
 60–69 1.76 (1.51–2.06)  < 0.001 6.11 (5.11–7.30)  < 0.001
  ≥ 70 3.59 (3.07–4.20)  < 0.001 34.44 (28.37–41.8)  < 0.001
 Sex, (vs man) 1.12 (0.91–1.38) 0.276 1.15 (0.99–1.35) 0.077
Ethnicity, (vs Non-Hispanic White)
 Non-Hispanic Black 0.68 (0.55–0.83)  < 0.001 0.36 (0.34–0.38)  < 0.001
 Mexican American/Hispanic 0.80 (0.66–0.97) 0.026 0.49 (0.44–0.55)  < 0.001
 Other 0.97 (0.79–1.19) 0.798 0.68 (0.65–0.72)  < 0.001
 Body mass index, kg/m2 0.95 (0.93–0.97)  < 0.001 0.92 (0.89–0.95)  < 0.001
 Education, (vs less than high school) 1.06 (0.84–1.34) 0.615 0.98 (0.80–1.20) 0.840
 Diabetes mellitus, (vs no) 1.29 (1.03–1.62) 0.027 2.45 (1.97–3.05)  < 0.001
 Hypertension, (vs no) 1.47 (1.20–1.80)  < 0.001 2.61 (2.28–2.99)  < 0.001
 Smoking, (vs no) 1.42 (1.16–1.74) 0.001 2.31 (1.74–3.05)  < 0.001
 Total cholesterol /High density lipoprotein cholesterol 1.09 (1.01–1.18) 0.021 1.05 (0.93–1.18) 0.467
 Serum albumin, g/dL 0.90 (0.83–0.97) 0.008 1.56 (1.44–1.68)  < 0.001
 Serum creatinine, mg/dL 1.17 (0.96–1.43) 0.124 1.28 (1.06–1.56) 0.012
 Serum total calcium, mg/dL 1.21 (1.11–1.31)  < 0.001 0.83 (0.73–0.94) 0.003
 Serum phosphorus, mg/dL 0.90 (0.75–1.07) 0.239 1.34 (1.07–1.68) 0.012
 White blood cells, 1000 cells/uL 1.00 (0.96–1.05) 0.936 1.08 (1.01–1.16) 0.033
 Total 25-hydroxyvitamin D, nmol/L 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 0.806 1.00 (0.99–1.00) 0.507
 Caloric intake, kcal/day 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 0.050 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 0.768