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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of men and women from the Framingham Heart Study Offspring and Generation 3 cohorts

From: Dairy food intake is not associated with spinal trabecular bone score in men and women: the Framingham Osteoporosis Study

Descriptive variables1 Men
(n = 2,158)
Women
(n = 2,582)
Age, y 49 ± 13 49 ± 13
Offspring cohort, n (%) 928 (43.0) 1,139 (44.1)
BMI, kg/m2 28.1 ± 4.4 26.5 ± 5.9
Weight, lbs 193.6 ± 32.3 155.4 ± 35.1
Physical activity index z-score 0.2 ± 1.1 -0.2 ± 0.9
Menopause status and estrogen use
Pre-menopausal, n (%)
Post-menopausal, no estrogen use, n (%)
Post-menopausal, estrogen use, n (%)
- 1,267 (49.2)
874 (34.0)
434 (16.9)
Current smokers, n (%) 269 (12.5) 314 (12.2)
Calcium supplement user, n (%) 166 (7.7) 1,085 (42.0)
Multivitamin supplement user, n (%) 890 (41.2) 1,471 (57.0)
Vitamin D supplement user, n (%) 34 (1.8) 144 (5.6)
Dairy intake (servings/wk)
Milk 5.8 ± 6.8 6.0 ± 6.4
Yogurt 0.8 ± 1.7 1.5 ± 2.1
Cheese 3.5 ± 4.2 3.4 ± 3.7
Milk + yogurt 6.7 ± 7.1 7.5 ± 6.8
Milk + yogurt + cheese 10.1 ± 8.4 10.9 ± 8.0
Other dietary intakes
Energy, kcal/d 2,104 ± 666 1,843 ± 577
Total calcium, mg/d 885 ± 428 1,110 ± 530
Dietary calcium, mg/d 824 ± 390 825 ± 390
Total vitamin D, IU/d 356 ± 259 417 ± 281
Dietary vitamin D, IU/d 222 ± 140 216 ± 147
L2-4 spine BMD 1.32 ± 0.02 1.20 ± 0.19
Trabecular bone score 1.42 ± 0.09 1.38 ± 0.10
  1. 1 Presented as mean ± standard deviation or n (%) for all such values
  2. BMD, bone mineral density; BMI, body mass index