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Table 4 Micronutrient intakes amongst Lebanese infants and young children, by age

From: Food consumption patterns and nutrient intakes of infants and young children amidst the nutrition transition: the case of Lebanon

Age group 0–5.9 months 6–11.9 months 12–23.9 months 24–47.9 months
Nutrient DRI Mean ± SE % > AI DRIa Mean ± SE % < EAR % > AI DRIa Mean ± SE % < EAR % > AI DRIa Mean ± SE % < EAR % > AI
AI AI/EAR AI/EAR AI/EAR
Antioxidants
 Vitamin C (mg/d) 40 50.0 ± 1.6 94.2 50 60.1 ± 2.4 54.1 13 71.0 ± 3.3 5.4 13 75.2 ± 3.5 10.2
B vitamins
 Thiamin (mg/d) 0.2 0.4 ± 0.0 73.8 0.3 0.7 ± 0.0 85.1 0.4 1.0 ± 0.0 4.9 0.4 1.0 ± 0.0 5.1
 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.3 0.6 ± 0.0 99.1 0.4 0.9 ± 0.0 89.9 0.4 1.2 ± 0.0 2.2 0.4 1.3 ± 0.0 2.8
 Niacin (mg/d) 2 4.1 ± 0.3 80.6 4 7.4 ± 0.4 82.4 5 11.2 ± 0.4 7.7 5 12.0 ± 0.4 11.7
 Vitamin B-6 (mg/d) 0.1 0.2 ± 0.0 100.0 0.3 0.6 ± 0.0 85.1 0.4 0.8 ± 0.0 9.0 0.4 1.0 ± 0.0 7.6
 Folate (μg dietary folate equivalents/d) 65 102.3 ± 6.3 61.2 80 172.2 ± 8.5 80.4 120 226.1 ± 11.1 20.3 120 199.1 ± 7.1 33.8
 Vitamin B-12 (μg/d) 0.4 0.9 ± 0.1 100.0 0.5 1.4 ± 0.1 87.2 0.7 2.3 ± 0.3 10.8 0.7 2.8 ± 0.1 9.9
Bone-related nutrients
 Calcium (mg/d) 200 374.0 ± 13.9 98.1 260 525.4 ± 19.8 91.2 500 582.2 ± 18.7 44.6 500 715.6 ± 20.5 35.9
 Phosphorus (mg/d) 100 193.4 ± 8.6 98.1 275 390.1 ± 16.5 68.9 380 566.4 ± 19.4 23.0 380 916.2 ± 19.6 5.3
 Magnesium (mg/d) 30 32.5 ± 1.2 46.6 75 71.0 ± 3.2 37.8 65 122.6 ± 4.2 14.9 65 184.2 ± 4.1 2.8
 Vitamin D (μg/d) 10 4.9 ± 0.4 15.5 10 6.4 ± 0.4 21.6 10 6.0 ± 0.3 84.7 10 4.2 ± 0.2 91.9
Other micronutrients
 Vitamin A (μg retinol activity equivalent/d) 400 519.9 ± 11.9 92.2 500 511.7 ± 17.2 39.2 210 532.5 ± 36.6 12.6 210 348.4 ± 23.3 35.1
 Vitamin K (μg/d) 2 25.5 ± 2.2 100.0 2.5 42.1 ± 3.4 93.2 30 71.8 ± 6.8 78.8 30 67.1 ± 3.4 60.6
 Iron (mg/d) 0.27 3.6 ± 0.3 79.6 6.9 7.8 ± 0.4 45.3 3 9.5 ± 0.3 9.0 3 8.1 ± 0.3 11.2
 Zinc (mg/d) 2 2.9 ± 0.2 60.2 2.5 4.5 ± 0.2 21.6 2.5 5.9 ± 0.2 6.8 2.5 6.4 ± 0.2 4.1
 Sodium (mg/d)b 110 152.9 ± 5.9 92.2 110/370 542.0 ± 33.1 67.6 800 1087.8 ± 45.8 60.4 800 1672.1 ± 42.8 88.6
 Potassium (mg/d)c 400 557.7 ± 20.6 94.2 400/860 1024.3 ± 37.1 68.2 2000 1495.5 ± 48.0 19.4 2000 2126.1 ± 44.8 51.4
  1. Abbreviations: AI Adequate Intake, d day, DRI Dietary Reference Intake, EAR Estimated Average Requirement, mg milligrams, SE standard error, μg micrograms
  2. a DRIs in bold are EARs
  3. b The AI for Sodium is 110 mg/d for 6–6.9 months and 370 mg/d for 7–11.9 months
  4. d The AI for Potassium is 400 mg/d for 6–6.9 months and 860 mg/d for 7–11.9 months