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Table 4 Median (first, third quartile) nutrient densities of complementary foods in relation to estimated needs among children aged 6–23 months in rural districts of Tigray Region, Ethiopia

From: The influence of fasting on energy and nutrient intake and their corresponding food sources among 6-23 months old children in rural communities with high burden of stunting from Northern Ethiopia

Nutrient density (/100 kcal) Lent Fasting Period (n = 570) Non-Fasting Period (n = 551)
6–8 m
(n = 80)
9–11 m
(n = 101)
12–23 m
(n = 389)
6–8 m
(n = 75)
9–11 m
(n = 96)
12–23 m
(n = 380)
Protein, g 1.3 (1.2,2.2) 2.1 (1.5,2.6) 2.3 (2.0,2.7) 2.2 (1.6,3.3) 2.3 (1.9,3.0) 2.6 (2.2,3.3)
Estimated need 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9
Calcium (mg) 21.3 (13.1,30.1) 16.5 (10.6,27) 16.7 (10.2,26.6) 16.2 (9.9,23.5) 18 (11.8,27) 16.2 (11.0,23.3)
Estimated need 105 74 63 105 74 63
Iron (mg) 3.4 (1.6,8.1) 2.1 (1.4,4.3) 2.0 (1.5,3.1) 2.1 (1.5,3.2) 2.3 (1.7,3.3) 2.0 (1.6,2.8)
Estimated need 4.5 3.0 1.0 4.5 3.0 1.0
Zinc (mg) 0.5 (0.34,0.97) 0.5 (0.3,0.7) 0.5 (0.4,0.6) 0.5 (0.4,0.6) 0.5 (0.4,0.6) 0.5 (0.4,0.6)
Estimated need 1.6 1.1 0.6 1.6 1.1 0.6
Vitamin A (mg RE) (0, 1.14) (0.0,1.0) 0.3 (0.0,1.2) 0.4 (0.0,31.2) 0.4 (0.0,24.8) 0.8 (0.0,24.6)
Estimated need 31 30 23 31 30 23
Thiamin mg 0.05 (0.04,0.07) 0.06 (0.05,0.08) 0.06 (0.05,0.08) 0.07 (0.06,0.09) 0.07 (0.05,0.08) 0.07 (0.05,0.08)
Estimated need 0.08 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.06 0.07
Riboflavin mg 0.03 (0.0,0.06) 0.04 (0.03,0.06) 0.05 (0.03,0.06) 0.05 (0.04,0.06) 0.05 (0.04,0.06) 0.05 (0.04,0.06)
Estimated need 0.08 0.06 0.06 0.08 0.06 0.06
Niacin mg 0.5 (0.35,0.73) 0.4 (0.3,0.6) 0.4 (0.2,0.6) 0.5 (0.3,0.6) 0.4 (0.3,0.6) 0.4 (0.2,0.6)
Estimated need 1.5 1.0 0.9 1.5 1.0 0.9
Vitamin C, mg 1.1 (0.29,1.13) 0.7 (0.3,1.1) 0.7 (0.2,1.2) 0.9 (0.4,1.5) 0.8 (0.3,1.4) 0.8 (0.2,1.3)
Estimated need 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.5
  1. m months, n number of participants