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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the participantsa

From: Curcuma longa extract improves serum inflammatory markers and mental health in healthy participants who are overweight: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

  Placebo group
(n = 40)
CLE group
(n = 39)
p value
  Mean SD Mean SD
Sex, male/female, n 16/24 15/24 0.889
Age, years 56.6 4.3 56.7 5.0 0.930
Physical measurements and tests
 Height, cm 162.5 8.5 162.5 8.5 0.985
 Body weight, kg 69.9 8.0 70.3 7.8 0.821
 BMI, kg/m2 26.4 1.8 26.6 1.5 0.664
 SBP, mmHg 122.9 12.8 119.7 14.7 0.308
 DBP, mmHg 77.6 10.2 77.6 9.6 0.995
Serum inflammatory markers
 CRP, mg/dL 0.076 0.047 0.075 0.064 0.940
 C3, mg/dL 110.8 12.6 104.7 14.2 0.073
 C4, mg/dL 27.5 7.0 24.0 6.0 0.037
 Fibrinogen, mg/dL 285.7 43.8 288.5 45.0 0.797
Metabolic markers
 Glucose, mg/dL 92.3 8.7 88.5 6.4 0.031
 HbA1c, % 5.63 0.20 5.55 0.26 0.147
 Triglyceride, mg/dL 120.8 52.9 122.2 67.0 0.915
 Total cholesterol, mg/dL 231.4 36.8 221.2 37.5 0.226
 LDL-cholesterol, mg/dL 148.7 31.9 138.2 31.9 0.151
 HDL-cholesterol, mg/dL 58.2 11.9 58.2 16.6 0.980
  1. BMI body mass index, CLE a mixture of a hot water extract and a supercritical carbon dioxide extract of Curcuma longa, DBP diastolic blood pressure, HbA1c hemoglobin A1c, HDL high-density lipoprotein, CRP C-reactive protein, C3 complement component 3, C4 complement component 4, LDL low-density lipoprotein
  2. aValues represent the means and standard deviations for n = 40 (placebo group) or n = 39 (CLE group). Comparison of sex was performed with the two-tailed Mann Whitney U test. Comparisons of physical measurements and tests, serum inflammatory markers, and metabolic markers were performed with the two-tailed unpaired Student’s t test when variance was homogeneous or the Aspin-Welch t test when variance was heterogeneous