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Table 7 Sensitivity analysis of the association between dietary fructose intake and the odds of having MetS by physical activity in urban residents

From: Dietary fructose and risk of metabolic syndrome in Chinese residents aged 45 and above: results from the China National Nutrition and Health Survey

  Dietary fructose intake p-Value
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Physical activity
 MetS, n (%)a 188 (41.3) 185 (34.9) 256 (35.1) 313 (30.1) < 0.001
  Model 1a 1.00 0.76 (0.59, 0.99) 0.77 (0.60, 0.98) 0.61 (0.49, 0.77) < 0.001
  Model 2a 1.00 0.77 (0.59, 1.01) 0.78 (0.60, 1.00) 0.62 (0.48, 0.80) 0.004
  Model 3a 1.00 0.77 (0.57, 1.03) 0.82 (0.62, 1.08) 0.68 (0.51, 0.90) 0.042
 MetS, n (%)b 168 (42.5) 166 (37.8) 207 (34.2) 230 (30.1) < 0.001
  Model 1b 1.00 0.82 (0.62, 1.08) 0.70 (0.54, 0.91) 0.58 (0.45, 0.75) < 0.001
  Model 2b 1.00 0.84 (0.63, 1.11) 0.71 (0.54, 0.93) 0.59 (0.44, 0.78) 0.002
  Model 3b 1.00 0.87 (0.64, 1.19) 0.76 (0.56, 1.00) 0.67 (0.49, 0.91) 0.043
 MetS, n (%)c 147 (33.2) 166 (30.8) 234 (31.0) 268 (26.0) 0.017
  Model 1c 1.00 0.90 (0.69, 1.17) 0.90 (0.70, 1.16) 0.71 (0.56, 0.90) 0.017
  Model 2c 1.00 0.84 (0.63, 1.11) 0.71 (0.54, 0.93) 0.59 (0.44, 0.78) 0.002
  Model 3c 1.00 0.89 (0.66, 1.20) 0.92 (0.70, 1.23) 0.74 (0.56, 0.99) 0.151
Non- physical activity
 MetS, n (%)a 602 (29.6) 650 (34.36) 590 (33.50) 493 (31.58) 0.008
  Model 1a 1.00 1.25 (1.09, 1.42) 1.20 (1.05, 1.38) 1.10 (0.95, 1.27) 0.008
  Model 2a 1.00 1.22 (1.06, 1.40) 1.17 (1.01, 1.35) 1.06 (0.90, 1.24) 0.021
  Model 3a 1.00 1.15 (0.99, 1.35) 1.15 (0.98, 1.35) 1.07 (0.89, 1.28) 0.223
 MetS, n (%)b 602 (31.1) 620 (34.0) 542 (33.8) 417 (31.8) 0.182
  Model 1b 1.00 1.14 (0.99, 1.31) 1.13 (0.98, 1.30) 1.03 (0.89, 1.20) 0.182
  Model 2b 1.00 1.12 (0.97, 1.29) 1.09 (0.94, 1.27) 0.98 (0.83, 1.16) 0.221
  Model 3b 1.00 1.07 (0.92, 1.25) 1.05 (0.89, 1.25) 0.95 (0.78, 1.15) 0.503
 MetS, n (%)c 541 (24.3) 572 (27.0) 534 (27.6) 450 (26.3) 0.073
  Model 1c 1.00 1.16 (1.01, 1.33) 1.19 (1.03, 1.37) 1.12 (0.97, 1.29) 0.073
  Model 2c 1.00 1.12 (0.97, 1.29) 1.09 (0.94, 1.27) 0.98 (0.83, 1.16) 0.221
  Model 3c 1.00 1.12 (0.96, 1.31) 1.14 (0.97, 1.33) 1.06 (0.89, 1.26) 0.354
  1. Model 1: crude; Model 2: adjusted gender, age, education, marital status, smoking, alcohol, income, energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, fiber, TC; Model 3: model 2 plus BMI. aexcluded smokers; b excluded alcohol; c excluded BMI < 18.5, and BMI ≥ 28