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Table 2 Basic characteristics of normal and MetS in urban and rural

From: Dietary fructose and risk of metabolic syndrome in Chinese residents aged 45 and above: results from the China National Nutrition and Health Survey

  Urban Rural p-Value
Normal MetS Normal MetS
Case, n (%) 8830 (67.6) 4237 (32.4) 9388 (75.3) 3073 (24.7) < 0.001
Age, n (%)      < 0.001
 45-59 years 5078 (57.5) 2004 (47.3) 5598 (59.6) 1702 (55.4)  
 60-74 years 3353 (38.0) 1997 (47.1) 3420 (36.4) 1247 (40.6)  
 75- years 399 (4.5) 236 (5.6) 370 (3.9) 124 (4.0)  
Gender, n (%)      0.248
 Male 3788 (42.9) 1974 (46.6) 4526 (48.2) 1286 (41.9)  
 Female 5042 (57.1) 2263 (53.4) 4862 (51.8) 1787 (58.2)  
Marital status, n (%)      0.246
 Single 63 (0.7) 21 (0.5) 88 (0.9) 9 (0.3)  
 Married 7956 (90.1) 3811 (90.0) 5811 (90.7) 2815 (91.6)  
 Divorced or Widowed 811 (9.2) 405 (9.6) 789 (8.4) 249 (8.1)  
Education, n (%)      < 0.001
 Primary schools or below 3022 (34.2) 1404 (33.1) 6092 (64.9) 1889 (61.5)  
 Junior high school 3062 (34.7) 1494 (35.3) 2546 (27.1) 878 (28.6)  
 Senior high school 2035 (23.1) 940 (22.2) 709 (7.6) 279 (9.1)  
 College or above 711 (8.1) 399 (9.4) 41 (0.4) 27 (0.9)  
Smoking, n (%)      < 0.001
 Ever/Never 6725 (76.2) 3277 (77.3) 6248 (66.6) 2233 (72.7)  
 Current 2105 (23.8) 960 (22.7) 3140 (33.4) 840 (27.3)  
Alcohol, n (%)      < 0.001
 Ever/Never 5926 (67.1) 2952 (69.7) 6374 (67.9) 2322 (75.6)  
 Current 2904 (32.9) 1285 (30.3) 3014 (32.1) 751 (24.4)  
Physical activity, n (%)      < 0.001
 Yes 2149 (24.3) 1160 (27.4) 460 (4.9) 243 (7.9)  
 No 6681 (75.7) 3077 (72.6) 8928 (95.1) 2830 (92.1)  
Income, n (%)      0.004
 Low 4835 (54.8) 2189 (51.7) 3713 (39.6) 1203 (39.2)  
 Middle 1195 (13.5) 638 (15.1) 2594 (27.6) 775 (25.2)  
 High 2273 (25.7) 1183 (27.9) 2819 (30.0) 1001 (32.6)  
 Unanswered 527 (6.0) 227 (5.4) 262 (2.8) 94 (3.1)