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Table 1 Characteristics of 5,606 participants with data on household food insecurity in online COVID-19 survey

From: Food insecurity among households with children during the COVID-19 pandemic: results from a study among social media users across the United States

Variable Whole sample Households with children < 18YRS
All
n = 5,606
HFS n = 4,781 LFS
n = 486
VLFS
n = 339
p-value* All
n = 1,452
HFS
n = 1,198
LFS
n = 149
VLFS
n = 105
p-value*
Sex (%)      0.081      0.068
 Female 58.5 57.9 62.6 61.1   62.2 60.9 69.9 66.7  
 Male 41.5 42.1 37.4 38.9   37.8 39.1 30.1 33.3  
Age (%)       < 0.001      0.045
 18–38 years old 16.5 15.4 23.3 22.7   31.3 29.5 38.3 41  
 40–59 years old 43.7 43.1 44.4 51.3   59.6 61.2 53 50.5  
 60 + years old 39.8 41.5 32.3 26.0   9.2 9.3 12.8 14.3  
Race (%)      0.001      0.004
 White, Non-Hispanic 92.9 93.4 90.7 88.5   91.7 92.8 87.2 85.7  
 Non-Whitea 7.1 6.6 9.3 11.5   8.3 7.2 12.8 14.3  
Region (%)      0.306      0.981
 Northeast 27.3 26.9 30.8 27.3   37.7 27.6 29.5 25.8  
 Midwest 25.8 26.4 21.2 24.7   37.9 28 24.8 30.1  
 South 27.3 27.0 28.2 28.9   34.9 24.9 24.8 25.8  
 West 19.6 19.7 19.8 19.1   19.5 19.5 20.9 18.3  
Residence (%)       < 0.001      0.107
 Suburb 53.3 54.3 50.3 43.4   59.2 60.8 53.5 49.5  
 Urban 15.2 14.4 19.4 20.4   10.6 10 11.6 16.1  
 Rural 31.5 31.3 30.3 36.2   30.2 29.2 34.9 34.4  
Employment (%)       < 0.001       < 0.001
 Employed 56.2 57.8 48.3 45.1   70.3 73.3 55 57  
 Student/Unpaid work 5.5 5.0 7.7 9.5   12.4 11.2 17.1 19.4  
 Not Work./Unemp 12.5 9.5 28.9 32.2   11.8 9.4 26.4 20.4  
 Retired 25.7 27.7 15 13.2   5.5 6.1 1.6 3.2  
Marital status (%)       < 0.001       < 0.001
 Married/cohabiting 74.1 74.9 69.3 69.0   84.6 87.7 73.6 64.5  
 Single 25.9 25.1 30.7 31.0   7.0 5.4 13.2 17.2  
 Divorced/separated/widowed 12.7 11.5 16.2 24.3   8.4 7.0 13.2 18.3  
Education (%)       < 0.001       < 0.001
 High School or less 10.3 9.1 16.1 19.0   9.8 7.9 16.5 21.7  
 Some Col. / Assoc. D 34.2 32.8 40.5 45.3   30.7 28.5 38.6 45.7  
 Bachelor’s D. +  55.5 58.1 43.4 35.7   59.5 63.6 44.9 32.6  
Income (%)       < 0.001       < 0.001
 Less than $30,000 13.4 9.1 31.6 47   8.2 4.3 19.0 37.2  
 $30,000 to less than $50,000 15.5 13.8 26.5 22.6   10.6 8.2 22.4 22.1  
 $50,000 to less than $75,000 17.7 18.1 17 13.3   15.3 15.0 19.0 14.0  
 $75,000 to less than $100,000 20.8 22.2 13.3 11.1   22.2 23.2 18.1 16.3  
 $100,000 or more 32.7 36.8 11.7 5.9   43.7 49.3 21.6 10.5  
  1. Suburb Suburban, Not Work/Unemp Not working or Unemployed, Som Col./ Assoc. D Some college or Associates Degree; Bachelor's D. + : Bachelor's degree or above
  2. aNon-white race included Asian/Pacific Islander, Black, Non-Hispanic, Hispanic/Latinx, Native American, multiracial or other,
  3. HFS: High/Marginal Food Security; LFS: Low Food Security: VLFS: Very Low Food Security
  4. *p-values calculated from Chi-squared tests