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Table 4 Remaining factors associated with anemia in pregnancy, TDHS 2015–2016

From: High burden of anemia among pregnant women in Tanzania: a call to address its determinants

Variable AOR 95%CI P-Value
Household characteristics
Type of residence
  Urban 1.000   
  Rural 1.071 0.902—1.271 0.432
Number of household members
  1–3 1.000   
  4–6 1.285** 1.054—1.566 0.013
  7–9 1.541*** 1.241—1.913 0.000
  10 +  2.026*** 1.603—2.560 0.000
Wealth index
  Poorest 1.000   
  Poorer 1.080 0.899—1.298 0.410
  Middle 1.045 0.868—1.259 0.640
  Richer 1.122 0.922—1.367 0.250
  Richest 1.198 0.931—1.542 0.160
Individual Characteristics
Age
  15–19 1.000   
  20–24 0.762** 0.592—0.979 0.034
  25–29 0.678** 0.505—0.912 0.010
  30–34 0.646*** 0.464—0.901 0.010
  35–39 0.799 0.561—1.138 0.214
  40–49 0.764 0.527—1.108 0.156
Highest educational level
  No education 1.000   
  Primary 0.691*** 0.590—0.808 0.000
  Secondary education and above 0.742*** 0.597—0.923 0.007
Current marital status
  Never married 1.000   
  Married 1.172 0.909—1.510 0.221
  Other 1.124 0.839—1.505 0.434
Number of children ever born
  1 1.000   
  2 0.942 0.769—1.155 0.567
  3 0.778** 0.609—0.993 0.044
  4 +  0.819 0.627—1.070 0.143
Food Security
  Insecure 1.000   
  Secure 0.887* 0.785—1.001 0.052
Low Feeding Frequency
  No 1.000   
  Yes 1.006 0.886—1.142 0.930
Covered by health insurance
  No 1.000   
  Yes 0.701*** 0.556—0.883 0.003
Antimalaria given
  No 1.000   
  Yes 0.877** 0.775—0.994 0.040
Place of delivery
  At home 1.000   
  Public health facility 0.840** 0.733—0.963 0.013
  Private health facility 0.639*** 0.520—0.786 0.000
Number of ANC visit
  0–3 1.000   
  4 and above 0.889* 0.791—1.000 0.050
Age at the first childbirth (years)
  0–19 1.000   
  20–49 1.032 0.900—1.184 0.652
  1. Logistic regression with household-level random intercepts was used. Survey weights were also adjusted
  2. *p < 0.1, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01