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Table 2 Adjusted means (± standard error) of baPWV change rate (cm/s/year) by egg consumption group

From: Association between egg consumption and arterial stiffness: a longitudinal study

  Egg consumption  
  0–1.9/wk 2–2.9/wk 3–3.9/wk 4–4.9/wk ≥5/wk p for trend
n 325 266 316 5611 797  
Model 1 32.2 ± 8.1 20.7 ± 8.9 1.5 ± 8.2* 14.7 ± 2.0 22.6 ± 5.4 0.40
Model 2 38.3 ± 10.9 28.2 ± 11.7 7.0 ± 11.2* 19.4 ± 7.7* 19.4 ± 7.7 0.41
Model 3 35.5 ± 11.2 21.4 ± 12.0 −0.2 ± 11.4* 19.0 ± 8.1 25.0 ± 9.8 0.58
Excluding participants with arterial stiffness at baselinea 42.0 ± 12.4 28.7 ± 13.2 10.8 ± 12.6* 24.1 ± 8.7 32.1 ± 10.6 0.77
  1. Model 1 adjusted for age, sex, baseline baPWV, total energy intake, and DASH score
  2. Model 2 adjusted for age, sex, baseline baPWV, total energy intake, DASH score, physical activity, marriage, employment, education level, alcohol consumption, and smoking status, and heart rate
  3. Model 3 adjusted for age, sex, baseline baPWV, total energy intake, DASH score, physical activity, marriage, employment, education level, alcohol consumption, smoking status, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  4. Compare to egg consumption 0–1.9/wk., * p < 0.05
  5. a Based on model 3