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Table 3 Odds ratios (95 %CI) for the association between quartiles of FFR proportion and risk of overweight and obesity

From: Residential exposure to fast-food restaurants and its association with diet quality, overweight and obesity in the Netherlands: a cross-sectional analysis in the EPIC-NL cohort

  400 m buffer 1000 m buffer 1400 m buffer
  Odds of being overweight Odds of being obese Odds of being overweight Odds of being obese Odds of being overweight Odds of being obese
Model 1a
 Q1 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
 Q2 0.99 (0.86; 1.15) 1.08 (0.88; 1.33) 0.89 (0.78; 1.02) 0.88 (0.73; 1.07) 1.08 (0.95; 1.24) 1.04 (0.86; 1.27)
 Q3 0.97 (0.86; 1.10) 0.92 (0.77; 1.11) 0.91 (0.80; 1.04) 0.86 (0.71; 1.04) 1.06 (0.92; 1.21) 1.04 (0.86; 1.26)
 Q4 1.07 (0.95; 1.21) 1.05 (0.88; 1.26) 0.97 (0.85; 1.11) 0.99 (0.82; 1.20) 1.07 (0.93; 1.22) 1.06 (0.87; 1.29)
Model 2b
 Q1 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
 Q2 1.00 (0.86; 1.17) 1.10 (0.89; 1.36) 0.89 (0.77; 1.02) 0.88 (0.72; 1.07) 1.08 (0.94; 1.24) 1.03 (0.85; 1.26)
 Q3 0.99 (0.87; 1.12) 0.94 (0.78; 1.13) 0.92 (0.81; 1.06) 0.88 (0.72; 1.07) 1.05 (0.91; 1.20) 1.03 (0.85; 1.25)
 Q4 1.09 (0.96; 1.23) 1.07 (0.89; 1.29) 0.96 (0.84; 1.10) 0.97 (0.80; 1.18) 1.06 (0.93; 1.22) 1.05 (0.86; 1.29)
Model 3c
 Q1 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
 Q2 1.01 (0.87; 1.17) 1.12 (0.90; 1.39) 0.90 (0.78; 1.03) 0.89 (0.73; 1.09) 1.08 (0.94; 1.24) 1.02 (0.84; 1.25)
 Q3 1.00 (0.88; 1.13) 0.96 (0.80; 1.16) 0.95 (0.83; 1.09) 0.91 (0.74; 1.11) 1.04 (0.91; 1.20) 1.01 (0.83; 1.23)
 Q4 1.09 (0.96; 1.23) 1.06 (0.88; 1.27) 0.98 (0.86; 1.12) 0.99 (0.81; 1.20) 1.08 (0.94; 1.24) 1.07 (0.87; 1.30)
Model 4d
 Q1 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
 Q2 1.08 (0.91; 1.27) 1.19 (0.94; 1.51) 0.92 (0.79; 1.06) 0.89 (0.73; 1.10) 1.08 (0.94; 1.24) 1.02 (0.84; 1.25)
 Q3 1.06 (0.92; 1.23) 1.02 (0.83; 1.26) 0.95 (0.83; 1.09) 0.91 (0.74; 1.11) 1.02 (0.88; 1.17) 1.00 (0.82; 1.22)
 Q4 1.10 (0.97; 1.25) 1.08 (0.90; 1.30) 0.97 (0.84; 1.11) 0.98 (0.81; 1.20) 1.04 (0.90; 1.20) 1.06 (0.85; 1.31)
  1. aModel 1 is adjusted for age, sex, and cohort
  2. bModel 2 is additionally adjusted for smoking, energy intake, and household educational level 
  3. cModel 3 is additionally adjusted for neighbourhood level socioeconomic status and level of urbanisation
  4. dModel 4 is additionally adjusted for the total presence of food retailers in the corresponding buffer