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Table 2 Regression coefficients (95 %CI) for the association between quartiles of FFR proportion and DHD15-index scores

From: Residential exposure to fast-food restaurants and its association with diet quality, overweight and obesity in the Netherlands: a cross-sectional analysis in the EPIC-NL cohort

  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
  β (95 % CI) β (95 % CI) β (95 % CI) β (95 % CI)
400 m buffer
 N, (%) 2871 (34.9) 1240 (15.1) 2063 (25.1) 2057 (25.0)
 Median FFR (IQR) 0.00 (0.00–0.00) 0.07 (0.06–0.09) 0.14 (0.13–0.17) 0.29 (0.22–0.34)
 Model 1a ref 1.56 (0.46; 2.66)e 0.43 (-0.51; 1.36) 0.10 (-0.83; 1.04)
 Model 2b ref 1.46 (0.41; 2.52)e 0.28 (-0.62; 1.18) -0.05 (-0.94; 0.85)
 Model 3c ref 1.37 (0.29; 2.45)e 0.05 (-0.87; 0.96) -0.15 (-1.05; 0.75)
 Model 4d ref 1.10 (-0.07; 2.28) -0.22 (-1.24; 0.81) -0.21 (-1.12; 0.70)
1000 m buffer
 N, (%) 2057 (25.0) 2057 (25.0) 2044 (24.8) 2073 (25.2)
 Median FFR (IQR) 0.00 (0.00–0.09) 0.13 (0.11–0.13) 0.16 (0.15–0.17) 0.21 (0.20–0.25)
 Model 1a ref -0.22 (-1.22; 0.79) 0.38 (-0.63; 1.39) -0.08 (-1.09; 0.93)
 Model 2b ref -0.21 (-1.18; 0.76) 0.10 (-0.87; 1.07) -0.15 (-1.12; 0.82)
 Model 3c ref -0.48 (-1.45; 0.49) -0.27 (-1.25; 0.71) -0.34 (-1.31; 0.63)
 Model 4d ref -0.82 (-1.82; 0.18) -0.16 (-1.14; 0.82) -0.12 (-1.10; 0.87)
1500 m buffer
 N, (%) 2057 (25.0) 2060 (25.0) 2128 (25.9) 1986 (24.1)
 Median FFR (IQR) 0.10 (0.00–0.10) 0.13 (0.12–0.13) 0.17 (0.16–0.19) 0.22 (0.20–0.24)
 Model 1a ref -0.38 (-1.39; 0.63) -0.56 (-1.55; 0.44) 0.16 (-0.85; 1.18)
 Model 2b ref -0.50 (-1.47; 0.47) -0.53 (-1.49; 0.43) -0.07 (-1.05; 0.91)
 Model 3c ref -0.70 (-1.68; 0.27) -0.66 (-1.63; 0.30) -0.18 (-1.16; 0.81)
 Model 4d ref -0.75 (-1.72; 0.23) -0.27 (-1.27; 0.73) 0.37 (-0.67; 1.42)
  1. aModel 1 is adjusted for age, sex, and cohort
  2. bModel 2 is additionally adjusted for smoking, energy intake, and household educational level
  3. cModel 3 is additionally adjusted for neighbourhood level socioeconomic status and level of urbanisation
  4. dModel 4 is additionally adjusted for the total presence of food retailers in the corresponding buffer
  5. eIndicates statistical significance