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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of children with severe acute malnutrition enrolled in the trial of topical emollient therapy with sunflower seed oil vs control, by age strata (n = 212)

From: Effect of topical applications of sunflower seed oil on systemic fatty acid levels in under-two children under rehabilitation for severe acute malnutrition in Bangladesh: a randomized controlled trial

Variables 2 to < 6 months 6 to 24 months
Emollient (n = 34) No emollient (n = 33) Emollient (n = 72) No emollient (n = 73)
Age, months (standard deviation, SD 4.07 (1.14) 4.05 (1.28) 11.97 (4.12) 12.81 (4.33)
Male sex, n (%) 29 (85%) 13 (39%) 49 (68%) 48 (66%)
Weight, kg (SD) 4.53 (0.87) 4.17 (0.67) 6.02 (0.80) 6.34 (0.85)
Length, cm (SD) 60.22 (4.04) 58.67 (3.10) 68.73 (4.55) 70.53 (4.78)
Weight-for-length z-score (SD) −3.59 (0.40) −3.46 (0.44) − 3.52 (0.38) −3.50 (0.49)
Mid-upper arm circumference, mm (SD) 112.82 (10.72) 109.58 (7.24) 119.75 (7.32) 122.77 (7.47)
Presence of oedema, n (%) 3 (9%) 1 (3%) 2 (3%) 1 (1%)
Duration of exclusive breastfeeding, months (SD) 1.03 (1.30) 0.56 (0.73) 2.28 (2.45) 2.73 (2.30)
Duration of diarrhea, days (SD) 4.41 (2.35) 4.33 (1.71) 4.25 (2.54) 4.58 (2.34)
Duration of fever, days (SD) 1.32 (2.29) 0.85 (1.00) 1.33 (2.15) 1.00 (1.20)
Haemoglobin, gm/dL (SD) 10.31 (1.29) 10.58 (2.47) 10.23 (1.81) 10.68 (1.66)
  1. Data are n (%), mean (SD)
  2. Adapted from Shahunja KM, et al. [54]