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Table 4 Food frequency consumption according to ranks, determined in the Chi^2 test

From: Dietary and lifestyle behavior in adults with epilepsy needs improvement: a case-control study from northeastern Poland

Food Study Group
Mean ± SD
Healthy Control
Mean ± SD
P value
  rank rank  
White bread 3.62 ± 1.56 3.57 ± 1.6 0.444
Wholemeal bread 3.26 ± 1.4 3.67 ± 1.31 0.096
Fine grained groats, white rice 2.62 ± 1.1 2.74 ± 0.97 0.726
Coarse grained groats, brown rice 2.22 ± 1.2 2.46 ± 1.07 0.300
Milk, yoghurt, kefir 3.48 ± 1.43 4.11 ± 1.32 0.108
Cottage cheese 2.13 ± 1.11 2.98 ± 1.04 < 0.001
Cheeses and processed cheeses 2.81 ± 1.17 3.18 ± 1.19 0.321
Poultry meat and sausages 3.43 ± 1.25 3.67 ± 1.11 0.546
Pork meat and sausages 3.85 ± 1.21 3.9 ± 1.27 0.688
Fish 2.4 ± 1.03 2.44 ± 0.71 0.050
Eggs 3.16 ± 1.12 3.24 ± 0.94 0.074
Raw vegetables 3.66 ± 1.53 4.3 ± 1.16 0.083
Fruit 3.7 ± 1.6 4.46 ± 1.0 0.005
Pulses 2.02 ± 1.11 2.6 ± 0.92 < 0.001
Nuts, seeds 2.5 ± 1.4 2.98 ± 1.22 0.009
Sugar, honey, sweets 3.4 ± 1.5 3.76 ± 1.4 0.015
Fruit juices 2.23 ± 1.28 2.41 ± 1.16 0.217
Sugar-sweetened soda 2.6 ± 1.7 1.87 ± 1.07 0.022
Coffee 3.6 ± 1.97 4.73 ± 1.54 0.010
Beer 1.48 ± 0.85 2.36 ± 1.19 < 0.001
Wine 1.3 ± 0.53 1.91 ± 0.88 < 0.001
Spirits 1.23 ± 0.64 1.59 ± 0.67 < 0.001
Fast food 1.52 ± 0.73 1.69 ± 0.77 0.551
  1. SD standard deviation