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Table 3 Body composition parameters in the study and control groups

From: Dietary and lifestyle behavior in adults with epilepsy needs improvement: a case-control study from northeastern Poland

Parameter Study Group
N = 35
Healthy Control
N = 47
P value Study group
N = 25
Healthy control
N = 23
P value
  Women Men
Protein [kg]
mean ± SD
8.84 ± 1.09 9.29 ± 1.14 0.0754 12.44 ± 2.16 13.07 ± 1.61 0.2612
Minerals [kg]
mean ± SD
3.22 ± 0.46 3.36 ± 0.41 0.1505 4.31 ± 0.67 4.44 ± 0.62 0.4900
Total Body Water [L]
mean ± SD
33.03 ± 3.96 34.53 ± 4.12 0.1013 46.18 ± 7.96 48.09 ± 6 0.3560
Fat Free Mass [kg]
mean ± SD
45.1 ± 5.5 47.19 ± 5.65 0.0649 62.93 ± 10.78 65.6 ± 8.19 0.3422
Percent Body Fat [%]
mean ± SD
32.1 ± 8.98 30.71 ± 7.37 0.4440 27.65 ± 7.8 22.2 ± 6.94 0.0142
Skeletal Muscle Mass [kg]
mean ± SD
24.76 ± 3.25 25.95 ± 3.47 0.1186 35.38 ± 6.45 37.38 ± 4.84 0.2337
Waist-to- Hip Ratio
mean ± SD
0.9 ± 0.06 0.9 ± 0.07 1.0000 0.97 ± 0.11 0.95 ± 0.08 0.3914
Visceral Fat Level
mean ± SD
10.06 ± 5.02 9.49 ± 4.42 0.5873 11.12 ± 5.79 8.35 ± 4.59 0.0743
  1. N number, SD standard deviation