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Table 1 Characteristics of the study group vs. a healthy control

From: Dietary and lifestyle behavior in adults with epilepsy needs improvement: a case-control study from northeastern Poland

  Study Group
N = 60
Healthy Control
N = 70
P value
General Characteristics
 Gender (%)
  Women 58.3 67.1 0.299
  Men 41.7 32.9
 Age (years) mean ± SD 37.22 ± 12.88 37.13 ± 11.65 0.885
 Occupation (%)
  Retirement/pension 36.7 2.9 < 0.001
  Parental leave 0 2.9
  Unemployed 10 1.4
  Part-time job 8.3 7.1
  Permanent employment 36.7 82.9
  Student 8.3 2.9
 BMI [kg/m2] (%)
  Underweight (BMI < 18.5) 1.7 1.4 0.935
  Normal weight (BMI 18.5–24.99) 45 45.7
  Overweight (BMI 25–29.99) 36.7 37.1
  Obesity (BMI > 30) 16.7 15.7
  Vitamin D supplementation (%) 11.7 7.1 0.378
Characteristics of the Study Group
 Age at disease onset (years) mean ± SD 18.25 ± 13.38
 Duration of the disease (years) mean ± SD 18.98 ± 15.63
 Number of medications taken mean ± SD 1.4 ± 0.7
 Type of epilepsy (%)
  Idiopathic 73.3  
  Post-neonatal 6.7  
  Post-traumatic 13.3
  Post-operative 6.7  
 Seizures (%)
  Yes 43.4  
  No 56.6
 Anti-epileptic medication
  Monotherapy 53.3
  Polytherapy 46.7  
  Mental illnesses and disorders (%) 23.3
  1. N number, SD standard deviation, BMI Body Mass Index