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Table 3 The association between the insulin response dietary patterns and incidence of diabetes: the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study

From: Association of the insulinemic potential of diet and lifestyle with risk of diabetes incident in Tehranian adults: a population based cohort study

  Quartiles of scores P for trend
  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4  
EDIH
 Median score -0.03 0.06 0.16 0.38  
 Case/Total 69 / 933 80 / 933 55 / 933 53 / 933  
 Model 1a 1.00 (Ref) 1.24 (0.88–1.75) 0.89 (0.61–1.29) 0.93 (0.63–136) 0.380
 Model 2b 1.00 (Ref) 1.31 (0.93–1.86) 0.90 (0.62–1.32) 0.98 (0.66–1.45) 0.522
 Model 3d 1.00 (Ref) 1.39 (0.96–2.01) 0.86 (0.58–1.29) 0.95 (0.63 1.44) 0.377
EDIR
 Median score 0.29 0.50 0.70 1.08  
 Case/Total 58 / 933 58 / 933 64 / 933 77 / 933  
 Model 1a 1.00 (Ref) 1.09 (0.74–1.59) 1.30 (0.89–1.89) 1.62 (1.13–2.33) 0.004
 Model 2b 1.00 (Ref) 1.11 (0.75–1.64) 1.33 (0.90–1.97) 1.72 (1.15–2.57) 0.005
 Model 3d 1.00 (Ref) 1.14 (0.76–1.72) 1.45 (0.96–2.19) 1.58 (1.03–2.44) 0.025
ELIH
 Median score 0.99 1.19 1.34 1.56  
 Case/Total 31 / 933 55 / 934 70 / 934 101 / 933  
 Model 1 1.00 (Ref) 1.76 (1.11–2.78) 2.03 (1.30–3.17) 3.10 (2.02–4.75) < 0.001
 Model 2c 1.00 (Ref) 1.76 (1.11–2.78) 2.02 (2.29–3.16) 3.07 (2.00–4.76) < 0.001
 Model 3d 1.00 (Ref) 1.35 (0.84–2.18) 1.30 (0.81–2.09) 1.89 (1.20–2.97) 0.004
ELIR
 Median score 1.96 3.12 3.29 3.61  
 Case/Total 50 / 934 62 / 932 79 / 934 66 / 933  
 Model 1a 1.00 (Ref) 1.46 (0.99–2.17) 2.21 (1.51–3.24) 1.78 (1.20–2.64) 0.006
 Model 2c 1.00 (Ref) 1.49 (1.00–2.23) 2.32 (1.67–3.44) 1.89 (1.25–2.88) 0.006
 Model 3d 1.00 (Ref) 1.44 (0.94–2.19) 2.19 (1.44–3.32) 1.74 (1.11–2.72) 0.031
  1. aModel 1: adjusted for age and sex
  2. bModel 2: additionally adjusted for energy, waist circumference, smoking, physical activity, and education level
  3. cModel 2: additionally adjusted for energy, smoking, education level, and waist-adjusted BMI
  4. dModel 3: additionally adjusted for for fasting blood sugar and TAG: HDL-cholesterol at baseline