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Table 4 Multivariate adjusted means for FBS, TG, WC, HDL, SBP, and DBP across tertiles of major dietary patterns and CRF

From: Interaction between major dietary patterns and cardiorespiratory fitness on metabolic syndrome in Iranian adults: a cross-sectional study

  Tertiles of major dietary patterns    
  Healthy Dietary Pattern    
  T1 T2 T3 P* P Trend P$
FBS (mg/dl) 98.5 ± 12.0 96.7 ± 10.5 99.9 ± 28.6 0.53 0.63 0.72
TG (mg/dl) 117 ± 65.5 132 ± 80.5 109 ± 59.8 0.08 0.46 0.10
HDL (mg/dl) 49.1 ± 10.5 50.8 ± 11.7 189 ± 40.2 0.47 0.98 0.50
SBP (mmHg) 106 ± 26.9 110 ± 10.8 116 ± 14.5 < 0.01 < 0.001 0.15
DBP (mmHg) 69.9 ± 11.7 69.7 ± 10.4 72.2 ± 9.75 0.22 0.15 0.72
WC (cm)
 Men 93.3 ± 11.4 93.8 ± 15.3 94.4 ± 10.4 0.93 0.72 0.07
 Women 84.2 ± 11.4 85.9 ± 9.55 89.4 ± 13.8 0.08 0.02 0.08
  Mixed Dietary Pattern    
  T1 T2 T3 P P Trend P$
FBS (mg/dl) 101 ± 28.6 97.98 ± 10.29 96.2 ± 11.5 0.23 0.09 < 0.01
TG (mg/dl) 116 ± 69.7 124.90 ± 72.44 117 ± 67.1 0.70 0.92 0.81
HDL (mg/dl) 49.5 ± 9.81 50.54 ± 11.97 49.1 ± 10.2 0.67 0.82 0.55
SBP (mmHg) 109 ± 18.6 110.75 ± 20.74 114 ± 17.8 0.22 0.09 0.94
DBP (mmHg) 69.7 ± 8.31 69.23 ± 12.38 72.9 ± 10.7 0.04 0.04 0.63
WC (cm)
 Men 93.6 ± 12.3 93.3 ± 12.7 94.7 ± 12.5 0.88 0.68 0.14
 Women 83.1 ± 9.73 86.3 ± 11.8 89.2 ± 12.7 0.04 0.01 0.61
  Western Dietary Pattern    
  T1 T2 T3 P P Trend P$
FBS (mg/dl) 97.9 ± 8.81 97.2 ± 12.6 100 ± 28.8 0.56 0.46 0.80
TG (mg/dl) 108 ± 54.90 129 ± 75.1 122 ± 75.9 0.10 0.17 0.03
HDL (mg/dl) 49.5 ± 9.84 50.3 ± 11.5 49.3 ± 10.7 0.80 0.52 0.86
SBP (mmHg) 114 ± 18.04 110 ± 19.7 109 ± 19.5 0.24 0.13 0.25
DBP (mmHg) 70.0 ± 13.11 70.2 ± 8.81 71.5 ± 9.80 0.59 0.35 0.17
WC (cm)
 Men 93.1 ± 10.8 94.7 ± 13.6 93.8 ± 12.6 0.87 0.83 0.61
 Women 87.0 ± 10.5 84.8 ± 13.4 87.1 ± 11.0 0.53 0.96 0.80
  Cardiorespiratory fitness (ml/kg/min)    
  T1 T2 T3 P P Trend P$
FBS (mg/dl) 97.5 ± 9.76 100 ± 27.5 97.5 ± 14.9 0.58 0.98 0.59
TG (mg/dl) 123 ± 60.7 125 ± 80.2 110 ± 66.4 0.27 0.20 0.61
HDL (mg/dl) 49.8 ± 9.16 49.5 ± 12.0 49.9 ± 10.7 0.95 0.93 0.96
SBP (mmHg) 108 ± 27.9 111 ± 13.76 114 ± 11.1 0.12 0.04 < 0.001
DBP (mmHg) 71.1 ± 12.2 70.2 ± 11.7 70.3 ± 7.69 0.81 0.59 0.62
WC (cm)
 Men 105 ± 12.7 100 ± 10.8 88.4 ± 9.74 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.52
 Women 90.9 ± 12.3 83.3 ± 9.23 78.4 ± 8.21 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.45
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SD
  2. Abbreviations: FBS Fasting Blood Sugar, TG Triglyceride, HDL High Density Lipoprotein, SBP Systolic Blood Pressure, DBP Diastolic Blood, WC Waist Circumference
  3. *obtained using one-way ANOVA test
  4. $ obtained using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) test (adjusted for age, sex, marital status, physical activity, smoking, total energy, diabetes, cardiovascular disease history, menopause status, and body mass index