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Table 2 General characteristics of participants across the tertiles of three major dietary patterns

From: Interaction between major dietary patterns and cardiorespiratory fitness on metabolic syndrome in Iranian adults: a cross-sectional study

  Healthy pattern Mixed pattern Western pattern
Characteristics T1 T2 T3 P T1 T2 T3 p T1 T2 T3 p
n 89 90 89   89 90 89   89 90 89  
Height (cm) 166 ± 10.0 168 ± 9.04 169 ± 10.6 0.04 169 ± 11.0 167 ± 9.43 167 ± 9.35 0.13 165 ± 10.3 168 ± 9.70 171 ± 9.04 < 0.001
Age (year) 33.4 ± 12.1 35.4 ± 12.7 40.9 ± 13.1 < 0.001 32.7 ± 11.6 36.6 ± 12.5 40.3 ± 14.0 < 0.001 41.7 ± 14.4 34.0 ± 11.6 34.1 ± 11.7 < 0.001
FFM (kg) 47.6 ± 12.4 50.1 ± 11.6 52.7 ± 13.4 < 0.01 51.3 ± 15.0 49.3 ± 11.4 49.8 ± 11.2 0.44 48.5 ± 12.3 49.3 ± 12.2 52.6 ± 13.1 0.03
FM (kg) 21.6 ± 8.12 22.3 ± 9.57 23.3 ± 10.4 0.22 20.8 ± 8.17 22.4 ± 10.2 24.1 ± 9.56 0.02 22.9 ± 8.97 22.4 ± 10.5 21.9 ± 8.70 0.50
Weight (kg) 69.2 ± 15.8 72.5 ± 16.4 76.4 ± 15.3 < 0.01 72.6 ± 16.5 71.6 ± 16.0 73.9 ± 15.8 0.57 71.4 ± 14.0 71.7 ± 17.8 75.1 ± 16.1 0.12
WC (cm)
Men 93.3 ± 11.4 93.8 ± 15.3 94.4 ± 10.4 0.93 93.6 ± 12.3 93.3 ± 12.7 94.7 ± 12.5 0.88 93.1 ± 10.8 94.7 ± 13.6 93.8 ± 12.6 0.87
Women 84.2 ± 11.4 85.9 ± 9.55 89.4 ± 13.8 0.08 83.1 ± 9.73 86.3 ± 11.8 89.2 ± 12.7 0.04 87.0 ± 10.5 84.8 ± 13.4 87.1 ± 11.0 0.53
WHR 0.89 ± 0.06 0.90 ± 0.06 0.91 ± 0.06 0.08 0.89 ± 0.06 0.90 ± 0.06 0.91 ± 0.07 < 0.01 0.89 ± 0.05 0.90 ± 0.07 0.91 ± 0.06 0.05
BMI (kg/m2) 24.8 ± 4.38 25.4 ± 4.68 26.5 ± 4.85 0.01 25.0 ± 4.12 25.5 ± 4.98 26.2 ± 4.87 0.08 26.0 ± 25.2 25.2 ± 5.35 25.5 ± 4.29 0.38
Sex, male, n(%) 30 (11.2) 40 (14.9) 47 (17.5) 0.03 42 (15.7) 33 (12.3) 42 (15.7) 0.26 42 (10.4) 33 (13.1) 42 (20.1) < 0.001
Marital status,n(%)     0.40     0.27     0.14
 Single 51 (19.0) 39 (14.6) 36 (13.4)   46 (17.2) 38 (14.2) 32 (11.9)   32 (11.9) 42 (15.7) 42 (15.7)  
 Married 38 (14.2) 51 (19.0) 53 (19.8)   43 (16.0) 52 (19.4) 57 (21.3)   57 (21.3) 48 (17.9) 48 (17.9)  
Smoking, n(%)     0.31     0.13     0.24
 Non-smoker 81 (30.2) 78 (29.1) 73 (27.2)   77 (28.7) 81 (30.2) 74 (27.6)   77 (28.7) 84 (31.3) 71 (26.5)  
 Former and current smoker 8 (3.2) 12 (4.8) 16 (6.4)   12 (4.5) 9 (3.4) 15 (5.6)   12 (4.5) 6 (2.3) 18 (6.7)  
Physical activity,n(%)     0.10     0.19     0.92
 Low 40 (14.9) 35 (13.1) 27 (10.1)   33 (12.3) 40 (14.9) 29 (10.8)   31 (11.6) 35 (13.1) 36 (13.4)  
 Medium 36 (13.4) 39 (14.6) 36 (13.4)   33 (12.3) 38 (14.2) 40 (14.9)   40 (14.9) 37 (13.8) 34 (12.7)  
 high 13 (4.9) 16 (6.0) 26 (9.7)   23 (8.6) 12 (4.5) 20 (7.5)   18 (6.7) 18 (6.7) 19 (7.1)  
Diabetes, yes, n(%) 3 (1.1) 2 (0.7) 4 (1.5) 0.70 1 (0.4) 3 (1.1) 5 (1.9) 0.25 5 (1.9) 2 (0.7) 2 (0.7) 0.35
CVD, yes, n(%) 2 (0.7) 2 (0.7) 2 (0.7) 0.90 0 (0.0) 3 (1.1) 3 (1.1) 0.22 2 (0.7) 1 (0.4) 3 (1.1) 0.60
Menopause status, yes, n (%) 11 (4.1) 10 (3.7) 15 (5.6) 0.03 6 (2.2) 12 (4.5) 18 (6.7) 0.02 21 (7.9) 10 (3.7) 5 (1.9) < 0.001
  1. P value less than 0.05 was considered significant
  2. Values are based on average ± standard deviation or reported number (percentage)
  3. One-way ANOVA for quantitative data and Chi-2 test for qualitative data have been used
  4. BMI body mass index, CVD cardiovascular disease, WC waist circumference, WHR waist to hip ratio, FFM fat free mass, FM fat mass;