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Table 1 Adequate intake of selected nutrients in cases and controls separately for men and women

From: Dietary phytochemical index in relation to risk of glioma: a case-control study in Iranian adults

  Criteria for adequate intake Groups
RDA Controls (n = 256) Cases (n = 128)
Males Females Males Females P* Males Females P*
Protein (%) 56 46 99.3 100 0.38 100 100 0.99
Carbohydrate (%) 130 130 100 100 0.99 100 100 0.99
Dietary fiber (%)) 38 25 87.5 87.9 0.88 86.7 84.9 0.77
SFA (%) < 10% of calories a < 10% of calories a 92.6 86 0.08 93.3 90.6 0.56
Calcium (%) 1000 1000 67.8 53.3 0.02 60 34 0.004
Vitamin E (%) 15 15 0.7 0.0 0.39 0.0 0.0 0.99
Vitamin B6 (%) 1.3 1.3 92.6 87.5 0.19 94.7 79.2 0.008
Folate (%) 400 400 32.2 9.3 < 0.001 30.7 7.5 0.002
Vitamin C (%) 90 75 86.6 89.7 0.58 80 88.7 0.04
Potassium (%) 3400 3400 82.6 77.6 0.32 86.7 64.2 0.003
Selenium (%) 55 55 58.4 29.9 < 0.001 69.3 35.8 < 0.001
  1. Data are presented as percent
  2. *Obtained from Chi-square test
  3. a Acceptable macronutrient distribution range (AMDR)