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Table 3 Proportional odds model analysis of maternal predictor factors of childhood stunting in Ethiopia, EDHS 2016 given in Odds ratio (OR) and 95% Confidence Interval (CI)

From: Maternal factors associated with moderate and severe stunting in Ethiopian children: analysis of some environmental factors based on 2016 demographic health survey

Characteristic Categories OR 95% CI P value
Mother educational level No education 3.316 [1.737, 6.330] <  0.0001
Primary 2.619 [1.391, 4.932] 0.003
Secondary 1.416 [0.583, 3.439] 0.443
Higher 1   
Mother employment Unemployed 0.768 [0.646, 0.912] 0.003
Employed 1   
Mother’ autonomy High 0.835 [0.703, .992] 0.040
Middle 0.840 [0.733, .962] 0.012
Low 1   
Mother’s BMI (kg/m2) Less than 18.5 3.265 [1.178, 9.053] 0.021
> 25 2.303 [0.876, 6.053] 0.091
18.5–25 1   
Number of ANC visits before birth 1–3 visits 0.896 [0.804, 0.998] 0.040
At least 4 0.763 [0.668, 0.870] <  0.0001
No ANC 1   
Place of delivery Home 1.327 [1.113, 1.581] 0.002
Health facility 1   
Mother’s height (cm) < 150 2.559 [2.158, 3.035] <  0.0001
150–160 1.482 [1.320, 1.664] <  0.0001
> 160 1   
Number of ANC visits (per visit) 0.934 [0.913, 0.956] <  0.0001
Age at first birth (per year)   0.909 [0.857, 0.963] 0.001
Previous birth interval (per month) 0.991 [0.986, 0.997] 0.003
Maternal height (per cm)   0.995 [0.994, 0.996] 0.01
BMI in (kg/m2) (per unit)   0.959 [0.927, 0.992] 0.014
Maternal education (per year)   0.933 [0.876, 0.993] 0.028
Number of children (per child) 1.094 [1.014, 1.180] 0.041
  1. Body Mass Index, Antenatal Care