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Table 4 Summary of longitudinal associations between diet score category and inflammatory markers in a general adult population

From: Dietary patterns and associations with biomarkers of inflammation in adults: a systematic review of observational studies

Diet score category Inflammatory marker assessed Improved inflammatory status
n
No change
n
Reduced inflammatory status
n
National recommendations Adiponectin 1 4  
CRP 4 6  
IL-6 1 1  
TNF-α   1  
National recommendation totals   6 12  
Healthy Adiponectin 2   
CRP 2 3  
Healthy totals   4 3  
Mediterranean Adiponectin   2  
CRP 3   
Mediterranean totals   3 2  
Inflammatory indices CRP   3 1
Inflammatory indices totals    3 1
  1. CRP C-reactive protein, IL-6 Interleukin 6, TNF-α Tumor Necrosis Factor α