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Table 2 Summary of cross-sectional associations between diet score category and inflammatory markers in a general adult population

From: Dietary patterns and associations with biomarkers of inflammation in adults: a systematic review of observational studies

Diet score category Inflammatory marker assessed Inverse association
n
No association n Positive association
n
Inflammatory indicesa Adiponectin   2 3
CRP   5 7
Fibrinogen   1  
IL-6   1 7
TNF-α   2 5
Inflammatory indices – total    11 23
Healthy Adiponectin 2 2 1
CRP 10 3  
Fibrinogen 2 2  
IL-6 3 3  
TNF-α 2 1  
Healthy totals   20 12 1
Mediterranean Adiponectin 2 2  
CRP 10 3  
Fibrinogen 3 1  
IL-6 3 1  
TNF-α 3 3  
Mediterranean totals   21 10  
National recommendation Adiponectin 1   
CRP 10 9  
Fibrinogen   2  
IL-6 2 4  
TNF-α 1   
National recommendation totals   14 15  
Unhealthy CRP    1
IL-6    1
TNF-α   1  
Unhealthy total   0 1 2
Mixed CRP   1 2
Mixed totals    1 2
  1. CRP C-reactive protein, IL-6 Interleukin 6, TNF-α Tumor Necrosis Factor α
  2. a A higher score indicates a more inflammatory diet