Skip to main content

Table 2 Association of alcohol consumption and CVD, cancer and mortality in different smoking status

From: Alcohol consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and mortality: a prospective cohort study

Alcohol consumption, g/wk 0 1–25 26–150 151–350 > 350 Ptrend Pinteraction
n = 50,291/8379 n = 3748/5501 n = 1470/3549 n = 1066/3449 n = 1014/5200
Composite CVD, cancer, and mortality < 0.001
 Non-smoker 1.43 (1.28, 1.59) 1 (ref) 1.15 (0.97, 1.36) 1.16 (0.97, 1.39) 1.19 (0.98, 1.45) 0.03  
 Smoker 1.31 (1.18, 1.44) 1 1.14 (1.01, 1.29) 1.22 (1.09, 1.37) 1.37 (1.23, 1.53) 0.002  
CVD < 0.001
 Non-smoker 1.39 (1.20, 1.62) 1 1.04 (0.81, 1.33) 1.17 (0.91, 1.50) 1.24 (0.94, 1.62) 0.20  
 Smoker 1.22 (1.07, 1.40) 1 1.05 (0.89, 1.25) 1.16 (0.99, 1.36) 1.26 (1.08, 1.46) 0.09  
Cancer 0.05
 Non-smoker 1.27 (1.01, 1.59) 1 1.59 (1.14, 2.23) 1.21 (0.83, 1.77) 1.03 (0.66, 1.61) 0.005  
 Smoker 1.27 (1.03, 1.56) 1 1.28 (0.99, 1.66) 1.33 (1.05, 1.69) 1.48 (1.18, 1.86) 0.005  
Mortality < 0.001
 Non-smoker 1.55 (1.33, 1.81) 1 1.23 (0.97, 1.56) 1.15 (0.90, 1.47) 1.09 (0.81, 1.46) < 0.001  
 Smoker 1.50 (1.30, 1.74) 1 1.21 (1.01, 1.46) 1.22 (1.03, 1.46) 1.45 (1.23, 1.71) 0.35  
  1. Values are hazard ratio and 95% confidence intervals. Numbers of non-smoker/smoker were listed for each category
  2. Adjusted for age, sex, marriage (single, first marriage, other), education (elementary or below, middle or high school, college or above), household income per capita (≤500, 501–1000, > 1000 Chinese yuan/month), moderate/vigorous physical activity (< 1, 1–3, ≥4 times/week), sodium intake (< 6, 6–9.9, ≥10 g/day), body mass index (kg/m2), fasting blood glucose (mmol/L), anti-hypertension drugs (yes, no), anti-diabetes drugs (yes, no), and lipid-lowering drugs (yes, no)
  3. CVD cardiovascular diseases