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Table 3 Crude and multivariable-adjusted ORs and 95% CIs for psychological disorders across tertiles of BCAAs intakea

From: Dietary intake of branched-chain amino acids in relation to depression, anxiety and psychological distress

  BCAAs intake  
T1 T2 T3 P-trend
Depression
Cases, n 297 271 269  
  Crude 1.00 1.06 (0.88–1.29) 0.81 (0.67–0.99) 0.04
  Model I 1.00 1.02 (0.82–1.25) 0.82 (0.66–1.01) 0.07
  Model II 1.00 1.02 (0.83–1.27) 0.79 (0.63–0.98) 0.04
  Model III 1.00 1.01 (0.81–1.26) 0.77 (0.61–0.97) 0.03
  Model IV 1.00 1.01 (0.80–1.26) 0.76 (0.60–0.96) 0.02
Anxiety
Cases, n 146 125 107  
  Crude 1.00 0.86 (0.66–1.11) 0.71 (0.55–0.93) 0.01
  Model I 1.00 0.77 (0.59–1.02) 0.69 (0.52–0.91) 0.01
  Model II 1.00 0.78 (0.59–1.03) 0.65 (0.48–0.87) 0.004
  Model III 1.00 0.81 (0.61–1.09) 0.68 (0.50–0.93) 0.02
  Model IV 1.00 0.81 (0.60–1.09) 0.66 (0.47–0.91) 0.011
Psychological distress
Cases, n 217 232 216  
  Crude 1.00 1.01 (0.82–1.24) 0.80 (0.64–0.99) 0.04
  Model I 1.00 1.03 (0.83–1.29) 0.82 (0.65–1.03) 0.09
  Model II 1.00 1.01 (0.81–1.27) 0.81 (0.65–1.03) 0.09
  Model III 1.00 1.07 (0.84–1.35) 0.86 (0.67–1.10) 0.24
  Model IV 1.00 1.06 (0.83–1.34) 0.84 (0.65–1.09) 0.20
  1. aData are OR (95% CI)
  2. Model I: adjusted for age, sex and energy intake
  3. Model II: additionally, adjusted for marital status, education, vitamin supplements use, smoking status, physical activity and chronic conditions
  4. Model III: additionally, adjusted for dietary fiber, omega 3, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, folate, fruits and vegetables
  5. Model IV: additionally, adjusted for BMI