Skip to main content

Table 2 Dietary intakes of study participants across categories of valine, leucine and isoleucine intakea

From: Dietary intake of branched-chain amino acids in relation to depression, anxiety and psychological distress

  Valine intake P-valueb Leucine intake P-valueb Isoleucine intake P-valueb
T1 T2 T3 T1 T2 T3 T1 T2 T3
Energy (kcal/d) 2458.0 ± 873 2172.2 ± 783 2531.3 ± 770 < 0.001 2460.4 ± 865 2170.8 ± 791 2531.3 ± 770 < 0.001 2472.4 ± 861 2180.0 ± 800 2510.0 ± 775 < 0.001
Protein (g/d) 81.7 ± 32 79.4 ± 29 104.5 ± 32 < 0.001 81.7 ± 32 79.11 ± 29 104.9 ± 32 < 0.001 81.8 ± 31 79.3 ± 29 104.5 ± 32 < 0.001
Fat (g/d) 91.7 ± 34 92.8 ± 35 111.7 ± 36 < 0.001 91.8 ± 34 92.6 ± 35 111.7 ± 37 < 0.001 92.2 ± 33 92.4 ± 35 111.6 ± 37 < 0.001
Carbohydrate (g/d) 334.0 ± 129 263.1 ± 105 286.1 ± 101 < 0.001 334.4 ± 128 263.5 ± 106 285.4 ± 101 < 0.001 336.5 ± 128 266.0 ± 107 280.7 ± 99 < 0.001
Dietary fiber (g/d) 23.7 ± 9 20.8 ± 9 23.1 ± 9 < 0.001 23.7 ± 9 20.79 ± 9.3 23.1 ± 9.6 < 0.001 23.8 ± 9 21.0 ± 9 22.8 ± 9 < 0.001
Vitamin B1 (mg/d) 2.1 ± 1 1.5 ± 0.7 1.7 ± 0.6 < 0.001 2.1 ± 1 1.5 ± 0.7 1.7 ± 0.6 < 0.001 2.2 ± 1 1.6 ± 0.7 1.7 ± 0.6 < 0.001
Vitamin B2 (mg/d) 1.7 ± 0.7 1.6 ± 0.6 2.2 ± 0.7 < 0.001 2.7 ± 0.7 1.6 ± 0.6 2.1 ± 0.7 < 0.001 1.7 ± 0.7 1.6 ± 0.6 2.1 ± 0.7 < 0.001
Vitamin B3 (mg/d) 27.3 ± 12 22.1 ± 9 25.7 ± 9 < 0.001 27.2 ± 12 21.9 ± 9 26 ± 9.8 < 0.001 27.2 ± 11 22 ± 9 25.9 ± 9 < 0.001
Vitamin B5 (mg/d) 5.8 ± 2 5.6 ± 2 7.1 ± 2 < 0.001 5.9 ± 2 5.6 ± 1 7 ± 2 < 0.001 5.9 ± 2 5.7 ± 1 6.9 ± 1 < 0.001
Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 1.8 ± 0.6 1.8 ± 0.7 2.2 ± 0.7 < 0.001 1.8 ± 0.6 1.8 ± 0.7 2.2 ± 0.7 < 0.001 1.8 ± 0.6 1.8 ± 0.7 2.2 ± 0.7 < 0.001
Vitamin B12 (μg/d) 2.3 ± 1 2.7 ± 1 3.8 ± 1 < 0.001 2.3 ± 1 2.7 ± 1 3.8 ± 1 < 0.001 2.35 ± 1 2.7 ± 1 3.7 ± 1 < 0.001
Folate (μg/d) 636.6 ± 280 518.9 ± 205 570.3 ± 204 < 0.001 637.3 ± 279 517.5 ± 204 570.5 ± 205 < 0.001 642.2 ± 279 523.2 ± 208 560.6 ± 200 < 0.001
Fe (mg/d) 19.7 ± 8 15.7 ± 6 17.4 ± 6 < 0.001 19.7 ± 8 15.7 ± 6.5 17.4 ± 6 < 0.001 19.8 ± 8.8 15.8 ± 6.6 17.29 ± 6 < 0.001
Ca (mg/d) 1020.6 ± 665 805.7 ± 399 1113.5 ± 496 < 0.001 1028.1 ± 662 817.3 ± 412 1095.9 ± 497 < 0.001 1043 ± 662 830.7 ± 418 1067.6 ± 501 < 0.001
Zn (mg/d) 10.2 ± 3 10.1 ± 3 12.8 ± 4 < 0.001 10.2 ± 3 10.1 ± 3 12.8 ± 3 < 0.001 10.3 ± 3.7 10.2 ± 3 12.7 ± 3 < 0.001
Tryptophan (μmol/l) 0.5 ± 0.1 0.6 ± 0.2 0.9 ± 0.3 < 0.001 0.5 ± 0.1 0.64 ± 0.2 0.92 ± 0.2 < 0.001 0.5 ± 0.1 0.6 ± 0.2 0.9 ± 0.2 < 0.001
  1. aData are mean ± standard deviation (SD)
  2. bObtained from ANOVA