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Table 1 General characteristics of study participants across categories of BCAAsa

From: Dietary intake of branched-chain amino acids in relation to depression, anxiety and psychological distress

  BCAAs P-valueb Valine P-valueb Leucine P-valueb Isoleucine P-valueb
T1 T3 T1 T3 T1 T3 T1 T3
Age (y) 35.9 ± 7.6 35.9 ± 7.6 0.05 35.8 ± 7.5 36.6 ± 8.1 0.005 35.9 ± 7.6 36.6 ± 8.2 0.06 35.9 ± 7.6 36.6 ± 8.2 0.06
BMI (kg/m2) 24.5 ± 3.7 35.9 ± 7.6 0.001 24.5 ± 3.7 35.1 ± 3.8 0.001 24.5 ± 3.6 25.1 ± 3.8 0.001 24.5 ± 3.7 25.1 ± 3.8 0.002
Female (%) 58.2 54.2 0.02 57.8 54.9 0.07 58.0 54.4 0.03 57.6 54.8 0.05
Married (%) 80.3 80.5 0.10 80.2 80.5 0.14 80.1 80.5 0.06 80.5 80.1 0.05
University graduated (%) 63.6 62.3 0.81 63.3 62.3 0.88 63.3 62.2 0.83 62.5 62.2 0.68
Physically active (≥1 h/week)(%) 12.2 16.0 0.006 12.1 16.0 0.005 12.3 16.2 0.002 12.0 16.2 0.003
Current smokers (%) 11.0 14.0 0.01 11.0 15.2 0.01 10.9 15.5 0.007 10.9 15.0 0.01
Chronic diseases (%) 3.1 5.6 0.01 3.0 5.5 0.01 3.1 5.5 0.01 3.4 5.6 0.01
Dietary supplement use (%) 28.6 29.5 0.89 28.7 29.8 0.85 28.6 29.1 0.86 28.4 30.0 0.70
  1. aAll values are mean ± standard deviation (SD), unless indicated
  2. bANOVA for continuous variables and chi-squared test for categorical variables