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Table 3 Sociodemographic and biomedical factors independentlya associated with very early introduction of solid foods (< 17 weeks) (n = 934)

From: Determinants for early introduction of complementary foods in Australian infants: findings from the HSHK birth cohort study

VariablebMean age of introduction of solids (weeks)AdjORcCI95p-value
Sociodemographic factors
 Maternal age (years)
   < 2519.651.00  
  25–2921.520.530.28, 0.990.048
  30–3421.870.470.26, 0.870.015
   ≥ 3522.260.280.14, 0.580.001
Mother’s country of birth
 Australia20.971.00  
 China22.580.390.12, 1.320.131
 Vietnam23.440.420.21, 0.840.013
 Asia Other23.220.300.12, 0.790.014
 Middle-East/ Africa21.510.640.29, 1.390.261
 Others20.511.070.60, 1.930.815
Maternal employment status
 Not working at 12 months post-partum21.771.00  
 Returned to work < 6 months post-partum21.201.420.87, 1.920.160
 Returned to work 6–12 months post-partum21.830.540.30, 0.970.039
Marital Status
 Married21.981.00  
 Living with a partner/ De facto21.591.190.65, 2.180.577
 Single Mother19.122.351.33, 4.160.003
Biomedical factors
 Feeding method at 4 weeks
  Fully breastfed21.971.00  
  Partially breastfed21.940.980.51, 1.920.970
  Fully formula fed20.582.341.49, 3.660.000
  1. a Non-significant variables were partner’s country of birth, mother’s occupation, index of relative socioeconomic disadvantage, parity, infant gender, infant birth weight, mother took antibiotics during pregnancy and labour, smoking status of the mother during pregnancy, alcohol status of the mother in pregnancy and postpartum, method of delivery
  2. b All variables in the final model were variables for which, when excluded, the change in deviance compared with the corresponding χ2 test statistic on the relevant degrees of freedom was significant
  3. cAdjOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI95−95% confidence interval