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Table 3 Dietary patterns and CKD: sensitivity analysis

From: Dietary patterns and chronic kidney disease risk: a systematic review and updated meta-analysis of observational studies

Study characteristic Category Healthy dietary pattern (95% CI) Western-type dietary pattern (95% CI) Heavy drinking pattern (95% CI) Light-moderate drinking pattern (95% CI)
Age > 50 0.78 (0.64, 0.97) 2.25 (1.42, 3.57) 0.66 (0.49, 0.88) 0.75 (0.69, 0.81)
< 50 0.58 (0.49,0.70) 1.28 (0.42, 3.94) 0.67 (0.54, 0.84) 0.79 (0.70, 0.88)
Sample size Large (> 5000) 0.71 (0.55, 0.91) 1.20 (0.70, 2.05) 0.67 (0.55, 0.81) 0.76 (0.71, 0.81)
Small (< 5000) 0.67 (0.50, 0.88) 2.83 (1.39, 5.76) 0.65 (0.40, 1.05) 0.69 (0.49, 0.98)
Race White 0.69 (0.51, 0.92) 1.79 (0.56, 5.74) 0.66 (0.49, 0.88) 0.75 (0.69, 0.81)
Yellow and Other 0.69 (0.54, 0.88) 1.87 (1.28, 2.72) 0.67 (0.54, 0.84) 0.79 (0.70, 0.88)
Study design Cross-sectional 0.70 (0.53, 0.91) 2.04 (1.15, 3.64) ______ ________
Cohort 0.69 (0.54, 0.88) 1.38 (1.18, 1.63) 0.67 (0.56, 0.80) 0.76 (0.71, 0.81)