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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the study participants

From: Gender differences in perceived food healthiness and food avoidance in a Swedish population-based survey: a cross sectional study

  All (N = 554) Females (N = 306) Males (N = 248)  
  Median (Q1-Q3) Median (Q1-Q3) Median (Q1-Q3) P*
Weight (kg) 75 (65–86) 68 (62–78) 83 (75–93) < 0.001
Height (cm) 172 (167–180) 168 (163–171) 180 (176–185) < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 24.8 (22.3–27.7) 24.2 (21.8–27.8) 25.1 (23.4–27.7) 0.006
  N (%) N (%) N (%) P**
Age (years)     0.092
 20–24 32 (6) 21 (7) 11 (4)  
 25–30 39 (7) 26 (9) 13 (5)  
 31–36 58 (11) 35 (11) 23 (9)  
 37–45 100 (18) 55 (18) 45 (18)  
 46–55 152 (27) 88 (29) 64 (26)  
 56–66 171 (31) 80 (26) 91 (37)  
Monthly income (€)     0.001
 < 1000 45 (8) 32 (11) 13 (5)  
 1000–1500 42 (8) 26 (9) 16 (6)  
 1500–2000 37 (7) 20 (7) 17 (7)  
 2000–2500 55 (10) 33 (11) 22 (9)  
 2500–3000 95 (17) 61 (20) 34 (14)  
 3000–4000 158 (29) 86 (28) 72 (29)  
 > 4000 119 (22) 46 (15) 73 (30)  
Education     0.018
 Primary, ≤9 years 32 (6) 14 (5) 18 (7)  
 Secondary, 2 years 69 (12) 35 (12) 34 (14)  
 Secondary, 3 years 135 (25) 63 (21) 72 (30)  
 Folk high school 17 (3) 11 (4) 6 (2)  
 University, <  3 years 90 (16) 61 (20) 29 (12)  
 University, ≥3 years 204 (37) 120 (39) 84 (35)  
Employment     < 0.001
 Employed, full time 371 (67) 185 (60) 186 (75)  
 Employed, part time 86 (16) 68 (22) 18 (7)  
 Unemployed 16 (3) 7 (2) 9 (4)  
 Parental leave 10 (2) 8 (3) 2 (1)  
 Student 21 (4) 15 (5) 6 (2)  
 Other 49 (9) 23 (8) 26 (11)  
Food allergy or intolerance
 Yes 90 (17) 54 (18) 36 (15) 0.351
 No 452 (83) 247 (82) 205 (85)  
  1. *Differences between females and males, using Mann Whitney U test, **Differences between females and males, using chi square test