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Table 8 Caregiver distress, eating-related distress, self-efficacy, anxiety and depression of family caregivers at baseline and week 5

From: The effects of a family-centered psychosocial-based nutrition intervention in patients with advanced cancer: the PiCNIC2 pilot randomised controlled trial

  Intervention group (n = 8) Control group(n = 12) Between-group effect size b P value c
Estimated mean (SE) a Change from baseline mean (SE) a Estimated mean (SE) a Change from baseline mean (SE) a
CDC
 Baseline 0.53 (0.12)   0.68 (0.10)    
 Week 5 0.56 (0.17) 0.04 (0.23) 0.58 (0.13) −0.10 (0.18) −0.29 0.63
Eating-related distress (single item)
 Baseline 1.80 (0.84)   3.18 (0.69)    
 Week 5 3.35 (1.14) 1.54 (1.13) 5.27 (0.97) 2.09 (1.24) −0.74 0.76
ERDQ
 Baseline 47.65 (1.93)   45.92 (1.59)    
 Week 5 46.80 (2.68) −0.68 (2.90) 46.64 (2.12) −0.28 (1.90) 0.17 0.66
CaSES
 Baseline 2.79 (0.13)   2.62 (0.11)    
 Week 5 2.53 (0.16) −0.28 (0.09) 2.63 (0.14) 0.03 (0.13) 0.08 0.14
HADS_anxiety
 Baseline 8.06 (0.87)   9.44 (0.72)    
 Week 5 8.62 (1.08) 0.57 (0.99) 9.69 (0.87) 0.25 (0.81) −0.49 0.81
HADS_depression
 Baseline 7.98 (0.92)   9.52 (0.73)    
 Week 5 10.11 (1.11) 2.12 (1.36) 8.34 (0.89) −1.16 (0.70) 0.04 0.02
  1. CDC Caregiver Distress Checklist, ERDQ Eating-related Distress Questionnaire, CaSES Caregiver Self-Efficacy Scale, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
  2. a Estimated mean and standard error (SE) from linear mixed-effects model
  3. b Effect size calculation was based on the between-group difference in total scores divided by pooled standard deviation
  4. c P value for group * time interaction of mean score using linear mixed-effects models