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Table 7 Weight and nutritional intake of patients at baseline and week 5 (Hong Kong sample only)

From: The effects of a family-centered psychosocial-based nutrition intervention in patients with advanced cancer: the PiCNIC2 pilot randomised controlled trial

Variables Intervention group (n = 8) a Control group(n = 12) a Between-group effect size b P value c
Weight (kg)
 Baseline 52.63 (3.72)   52.28 (3.08)    
 Week 2 52.22 (3.72) −0.39 (0.51) 52.27 (3.09) −0.00 (0.42)   0.418
 Week 3 52.04 (3.73) −0.60 (0.60) 51.92 (3.09) −0.36 (0.79)   0.193
 Week 4 51.54 (3.73) −1.09 (0.63) 51.58 (3.09) −0.70 (0.50)   0.267
 Week 5 52.80 (3.73) 0.17 (0.64) 51.80 (3.10) −0.48 (0.50) 0.05 0.148
Energy intake (kcal)*
 Baseline 1078.58 (102.51)   932.14 (88.40)    
 Week 3 1168.70 (102.68) 94.24 (115.71) 953.83 (95.35) 23.12 (60.07)   0.115
 Week 5 1255.76 (106.45) 182.81 (126.06) 876.69 (99.35) −43.49 (68.99) 0.77 0.211
Protein intake (g)*
 Baseline 36.93 (3.98)   35.36 (3.46)    
 Week 3 40.52 (4.00) 3.63 (3.58) 37.56 (3.69) 2.78 (2.22)   0.084
 Week 5 44.46 (4.09) 7.59 (3.72) 34.90 (3.76) 3.24 (2.22) 0.76 0.157
  1. a Estimated mean and standard error (SE) from linear mixed-effects model
  2. b Effect size for mean differences of groups with unequal sample size within a pre-post-control design
  3. c P value for group * time interaction of mean score using linear mixed-effects models
  4. *average daily grams or caloric intake from the 3-day food diary