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Table 3 Socio-demographic and baseline characteristics of family caregivers in the Australian and Hong Kong sample (n = 54)

From: The effects of a family-centered psychosocial-based nutrition intervention in patients with advanced cancer: the PiCNIC2 pilot randomised controlled trial

  Australian sample Hong Kong sample
Characteristics All participants (n = 12) Intervention (n = 6)a Control (n = 6)a All participants (n = 42) Intervention (n = 17)a Control (n = 25)a
Age (years), mean (SD)
Range
58.5 (12.0)
(37–71)
57.7 (12.3)
(38–71)
59.6 (13.0)
(37–70)
57.7 (13.4)
(27–84)
69.8 (14)
(27–83)
74.2 (14)
(29–84)
Relationship to patient n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%)
 Spouse/partner 8 (67) 4 (67) 4 (67) 21 (50) 12 (70.6) 9 (36)
 Children 2 (17) 1 (17) 1 (17) 13 (31) 3 (17.6) 10 (40)
 Parents 1 (8) 0 (0) 1 (17) 5 (11.9) 1 (5.9) 4 (16)
 Other (i.e.close relatives) 1 (8) 1 (17) 0 (0) 3 (7.1) 1 (5.9) 2 (8)
Gender
 Male 5 (42) 2 (33) 3 (50) 10 (23.8) 5 (29.4) 5 (20)
 Female 7 (58) 4 (67) 3 (50) 32 (76.2) 12 (70.6) 20 (80)
Highest education completed
 Elementary school 1 (9) 0 (0) 1 (20) 8 (21.4) 5 (29.4) 3 (16)
 Secondary school 4 (36) 3 (50) 1 (20) 24 (57.1) 8 (47.1) 16 (64)
 Tertiary education 6 (55) 3 (50) 3 (60) 9 (21.4) 4 (23.5) 5 (20)
Caregiver Distress Checklist, mean (SD)
Range
4.6 (3.8)
(1–14)
6.2 (4.9)
(1–14)
3.0 (1.4)
(1–14)
7.3 (3.6)
(0–13)
6.5 (3.3)
(0–13)
7.76 (3.8)
(0–13)
Eating-related Distress (single item)
Range
2.7 (3.1)
(0–8)
3.8 (3.6)
(0–8)
1.3 (1.9)
(0–8)
3 (3.1)
(0–8)
1.8 (2.6)
(0–8)
3.2 (3.3)
(0–8)
Eating-related Distress Questionnaire-total score, mean (SD), Range 39.67 (11.3)
(23–53)
37.0 (9.8)
(23–47)
43.0 (13.5)
(23–53)
46.7 (7.3)
(28–66)
47.7 (5.7)
(38–58)
45.9 (8.7)
(28–66)
Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale Anxiety Score, mean (SD)
Range
6.9 (4.7)
(0–17)
9.4 (4.6)
(5–17)
4.4 (3.5)
(0–8)
8.9 (3.6)
(3–18)
9.40 (4.6)
(3–14)
4.40 (3.5)
(4–18)
HADS Depression Score, mean (SD)
Range
6.3 (4.8)
(0–15)
8.4 (4.8)
(2–15)
4.2 (4.2)
(0–11)
8.9 (4.0)
(0–18)
7.9 (4.6)
(0–16)
9.5 (3.5)
(4–18)
Caregiver Self-Efficacy Scale total score, mean (SD)
Range
3.1 (0.5)
(2.3–3.95)
3.0 (0.6)
(2.3–3.8)
3.27 (0.52)
(2.7–3.95)
3.7 (0.5)
(2–4)
2.8 (0.5)
(2–4)
2.6 (0.5)
(2–4)
 Instrumental caregiving subscale 3.3 (0.7) 3.0 (0.6) 3.6 (0.7) 2.7 (0.7) 2.8 (0.7) 2.7 (0.7)
 Self-maintenance subscale 2.7 (0.9) 2.5 (1.0) 2.9 (0.8) 2.7 (0.5) 2.8 (0.5) 2.7 (0.6)
 Emotional-connectivity subscale 3.4 (0.6) 3.1 (0.6) 3.6 (0.4) 2.2 (0.5) 2.4 (0.5) 2.1 (0.5)
 Resilience subscale 3.3 (0.5) 3.4 (0.4) 3.1 (0.6) 2.7 (0.6) 2.8 (0.6) 2.6 (0.7)
  1. aNo statistically significant differences in any of the variables between intervention and control group