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Table 4 Baseline characteristics of the participated infants in the two groupsb

From: Multiple micronutrient supplementation improves growth and reduces the risk of anemia among infants in Gaza Strip, Palestine: a prospective randomized community trial

Characteristics Experimental group (n = 100) Control group (n = 100) P valuea
Household characteristics
 Family size (n) 5.85 ± 2.35 5 ± 1.77 0.33
 Family income (NIS)c 1275 ± 818.06 1000 ± 724.31 0.07
 Number of under-five children (n) 2.01 ± 0.76 2 ± 0.52 0.18
Maternal characteristics
 Age (years) 28..41 ± 5.86 28.4 ± 5.10 0.70
 Body mass index 26.54 ± 5.33 26.64 ± 4.36 0.19
 Mother’s education (years) 13.18 ± 2.89 12 ± 3.01 0.54
 Mother’s working status (%)    0.07
 Working 6 (6) 15 (15)  
 Housewives 94 (94) 85 (85)  
Infants’ characteristics
 Age (months) 6.28 ± 0.10 6.24 ± 0.09 0.08
 Gender (%)    0.86
  Male 52 (52) 51 (51)  
  Female 48 (48) 49 (49)  
 Birth weight (kg) 3.44 ± 0.33 3.41 ± 0.32 0.55
 Gestational age (weeks) 38.31 ± 0.71 38.37 ± 0.68 0.59
 Infant currently breastfeeding (%) 92 (92) 96 (96) 0.31
Anthropometric measures
 Weight (kg) 7.57 ± 0.79 7.65 ± 0.72 0.47
 Length (cm) 66.20 ± 1.87 66.11 ± 1.92 0.75
 Weight-for-age (z score) −0.12 ± 0.92 0.01 ± 0.93 0.47
 Length-for-age (z score) −0.25 ± 0.85 − 0.28 ± 0.97 0.79
 Weight-for-length (z score) 0.11 ± 1.01 0.28 ± 1.25 0.35
Biochemical measure
 Blood hemoglobin (g/dl) 11.42 ± 0.35 11.44 ± 0.37 0.78
Energy and micronutrient intakes
 Total energy (kcal/day) 656 ± 164 696 ± 167 0.11
 Iron (mg/day) 7.51 ± 7.40 7.90 ± 8.55 0.75
 Vitamin A (mcg/day) 299.70 ± 120.31 264.32 ± 161.19 0.10
 Vitamin D (mcg/day) 3.24 ± 2.6 3.85 ± 3.03 0.16
  1. *Difference is significant at p < 0.05 (2-tailed)
  2. aStatistical testing using independent samples t-test or chi-square test
  3. bValues are reported as means±SD
  4. cNIS New Israeli Shekel