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Table 1 Weighted summary statistics [%(n)] for youth in Canada’s general characteristics stratifying for gender and hunger status

From: Does social support moderate the association between hunger and mental health in youth? A gender-specific investigation from the Canadian Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study

  Females [%(n)] Males [%(n)]
Ever hungry Never hungry Chi-2
p-value
Ever hungry Never hungry Chi-2
p-value
Hunger 16.5 (1829) 83.5 (9259)   17.1 (1722) 82.9 (8338)  
Mental health
 Low 22.5 (1015) 77.5 (3502) 254.1 p < 0.0001 22.7 (594) 77.3 (2019) 137 p < 0.0001
 Middle 13.2 (487) 86.8 (3182) 17.9 (632) 82.1 (2894)
 High 8.3 (191) 91.7 (2114) 11.3 (365) 88.7 (2840)
Grade
 6 17.1 (335) 82.9 (1622) 22.7
P = 0.2466
19.5 (383) 80.5 (1578) 14.4
P = 0.3858
 7 19.0 (440) 81.0 (1877) 17.7 (378) 82.3 (1764)
 8 14.7 (340) 85.3 (1974) 17.0 (354) 83.0 (1731)
 9 14.5 (357) 85.5 (2103) 15.9 (350) 84.1 (1853)
 10 16.8 (324) 83.2 (1610) 15.5 (244) 84.5 (1336)
Social support factors
 Friend support
  Low 20.1 (615) 79.9 (2445) 48.2
P < 0.0001
19.2 (636) 80.8 (2675) 24.8
P < 0.01
  Middle 15.0 (565) 85.0 (3192) 16.8 (642) 83.2 (3193)
  High 16.2 (1698) 83.8 (3149) 14.1 (305) 85.9 (1860)
 Family support
  Low 24.8 (918) 75.2 (2789) 353.7
P < 0.0001
24.9 (682) 75.1 (2054) 217.7
P < 0.0001
  Middle 14.7 (469) 85.3 (2732) 16.8 (538) 83.2 (2661)
  High 8.5 (298) 91.5 (3229) 10.8 (370) 89.2 (3042)
 Teacher support
  Low 24.8 (860) 75.2 (2610) 299.0
P < 0.0001
21.9 (616) 78.1 (2195) 87.1
P < 0.0001
  Middle 14.6 (494) 85.4 (2886) 15.9 (520) 84.1 (2745)
  High 9.6 (348) 90.4 (3275) 13.2 (437) 86.8 (2885)
 School climate
  Low 23.0 (878) 77.0 (2939) 209.5
P < 0.0001
21.9 (711) 78.1 (2533) 98.9
P < 0.0001
  Middle 14.2 (518) 85.8 (3126) 16.1 (525) 83.9 (2736)
  High 10.6 (336) 89.7 (2833) 12.7 (387) 87.3 (2664)
 Neighborhood support
  Low 22.3 (797) 77.7 (2775) 250.2
P < 0.0001
21.0 (600) 79.0 (2259) 85.0
P < 0.0001
  Middle 14.9 (504) 85.1 (2879) 17.2 (524) 82.8 (2518)
  High 7.8 (228) 92.1 (2678) 11.9 (322) 88.1 (2392)