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Table 3 Risk of Type 2 Diabetes according to categories of soft drinks intake in participants from HWCS stratified by family history of diabetes (yes/no)a

From: Regular consumption of soft drinks is associated with type 2 diabetes incidence in Mexican adults: findings from a prospective cohort study

  Consumption level
<  1/week 1–4 /week > 5/week p trenda
Subjects without family history of diabetes (n = 582)
 n 147 303 132  
 Cases of type 2 diabetes (n = 25) 7 12 6  
 Person-years 969.4 2032.2 862.6  
 Incidence rate (per 1000) 7.2 (3.4–15.1) 5.9 (3.4–10.4) 7.0 (3.1–15.5)  
 Multivariate-adjusted2, HR (95% CI)b Ref. 0.67 (0.25–1.79) 0.66 (0.20–2.16) 0.674
Subjects with family history of diabetes (n = 757)
 n 189 402 166  
 Cases of type 2 diabetes (n = 74) 10 38 26  
 Person-years 1233.4 2673.9 1078.5  
 Incidence rate (per 1000) 8.1 (4.4–15.1) 14.2 (10.3–19.5) 24.0 (16.1–35.4)  
 Multivariate-adjusted, HR (95% CI)b Ref. 1.49 (0.73–3.07) 2.3 (1.04–5.17) 0.037
  1. Abbreviations: HWCS Health Workers Cohort Study, IQR Interquartile range, HR Hazard risk, CI Confidence interval
  2. P for overall interaction = 0.4285
  3. a A linear trend in the HR for each of the soft drinks categories was evaluated by including a continuous variable in the model representing the median values of each of soft drinks intake
  4. b Adjusted for baseline covariates: age centered, sex, total energy intake, physical activity, smoking status, alcohol intake at baseline (in tertiles) and level of education