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Table 1 Characteristics of participants in the HWCSa according to their soft drinks’ intake at baseline 2004–2006 (n = 1445)

From: Regular consumption of soft drinks is associated with type 2 diabetes incidence in Mexican adults: findings from a prospective cohort study

Characteristics Consumption level
< 1 per week 1–4 per week > 5 per week
n = 361 (25.0%) n = 770 (53.3%) n = 314 (21.7%)
Sex, %
 Women 88.4 76.6 58.3
 Men 11.6 23.4 41.7
Age (years)b 46.4 ± 12.5 43.9 ± 12.6 42.8 ± 12.0
Education, %
 Middle school or less 24.4 25.6 27.4
 High school 16.6 25.6 25.2
  ≥ College 55.4 46.6 45.9
 Missing 3.6 2.2 1.6
Weight (kg)c 61.3 (55.6–68.6) 65.0 (58.1–73.1) 68.7 (58.8–78.0)
Body mass index (kg/m2)b 25.5 ± 4.0 26.4 ± 4.0 26.7 ± 4.5
Body mass index categories, %
 Normal 52.8 37.6 38.2
 Overweight 35.3 45.1 40.5
 Obesity 11.9 17.3 21.3
Waist circumference (cm)c 85 (79–94) 89 (82–97) 91 (84–99)
Abdominal obesity, % 68.7 73.8 73.2
 Missing 1.4 1.2 1.9
Leisure-time physical activity (hrs. Per week)b 1.5 (0.4–4.6) 1.5 (0.4–3.9) 1.5 (0.2–4.3)
Active (≥ 150 min/week), % 42.7 37.8 35.1
Family history of diabetes, %
 No 40.8 39.9 42.3
 Yes 52.5 52.6 53.2
 Unknown 6.7 7.6 4.5
Fasting glucose (mg/dL)b 88.2 ± 9.3 89.7 ± 10.4 91.2 ± 11.6
Hypertension, % 16.9 15.9 17.1
Total energy intake (kcal/d)b 2008 ± 862 2100 ± 835 2437 ± 903
Smoking, %
 Never 62.3 55.6 44.9
 Former 22.2 24.3 26.8
 Current 10.8 16.6 27.4
 Missing 4.7 3.5 1.9
Alcohol intake (g/d)c 0.8 (0.04–2.0) 1.0 (0.3–4.0) 1.7 (0.6–6.8)
Alcohol intake categories, %
 Tertile 1 (< 0.6 g/d) 45.7 32.3 26.1
 Tertile 2 (0.6–2.4 g/d) 33.0 34.2 29.6
 Tertile 3 (> 2.4 g/d) 21.3 33.5 44.3
  1. aHWCS, Health Workers Cohort Study, bMean ± standard deviation, cp50 (interquartile range)