Skip to main content

Table 4 Association of plasma chromium concentrations with components of MetS

From: Association of plasma chromium with metabolic syndrome among Chinese adults: a case-control study

Variables Quartiles of plasma chromium concentrations Per 1 μg/L Chromium P for trend
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Chromium (μg/L) <  3.27 3.28–4.46 4.47–5.87 >  5.88   
High waist circumference
 Model 1 1 0.83 (0.70–0.98) 0.92 (0.78–1.09) 0.77 (0.64–0.91) 0.98 (0.96–1.00) 0.013
 Model 2 1 0.84 (0.71–1.00) 0.94 (0.79–1.11) 0.78 (0.66–0.93) 0.98 (0.96–1.00) 0.004
 Model 3 1 0.87 (0.70–1.08) 0.88 (0.71–1.09) 0.77 (0.61–0.95) 0.99 (0.95–1.01) 0.035
High triglycerides
 Model 1 1 0.73 (0.62–0.87) 0.68 (0.57–0.81) 0.67 (0.56–0.80) 0.97 (0.94–0.99) < 0.001
 Model 2 1 0.72 (0.60–0.85) 0.67 (0.56–0.79) 0.66 (0.55–0.79) 0.96 (0.94–0.99) < 0.001
 Model 3 1 0.72 (0.60–0.86) 0.64 (0.54–0.77) 0.67 (0.55–0.80) 0.97 (0.94–0.99) < 0.001
Low HDL cholesterol
 Model 1 1 1.09 (0.91–1.30) 1.13 (0.95–1.35) 0.80 (0.66–0.96) 0.99 (0.97–1.02) 0.129
 Model 2 1 1.02 (0.85–1.22) 1.12 (0.93–1.34) 0.83 (0.68–1.01) 0.99 (0.97–1.02) 0.013
 Model 3 1 1.04 (0.86–1.25) 1.12 (0.93–1.34) 0.84 (0.69–1.03) 1.00 (0.97–1.02) 0.048
High blood pressure
 Model 1 1 0.96 (0.79–1.15) 1.25 (1.03–1.52) 0.96 (0.79–1.17) 1.01 (0.98–1.03) 0.932
 Model 2 1 0.95 (0.78–1.15) 1.24 (1.02–1.51) 0.98 (0.80–1.20) 1.01 (0.98–1.03) 0.898
 Model 3 1 0.96 (0.79–1.17) 1.22 (0.99–1.49) 1.01 (0.82–1.24) 1.01 (0.98–1.04) 0.832
High blood glucose
 Model 1 1 0.73 (0.61–0.88) 0.67 (0.56–0.79) 0.54 (0.45–0.64) 0.93 (0.91–0.96) < 0.001
 Model 2 1 0.71 (0.59–0.85) 0.65 (0.54–0.77) 0.53 (0.44–0.64) 0.93 (0.91–0.96) < 0.001
 Model 3 1 0.72 (0.60–0.87) 0.63 (0.52–0.76) 0.53 (0.44–0.64) 0.93 (0.91–0.96) < 0.001
  1. Model 1: adjusted for age and sex;
  2. Model 2: additionally adjusted for education, current smoking status, current alcohol drinking status, physical activity and family history of diabetes;
  3. Model 3: additionally adjusted for BMI
  4. Abbreviations: MetS Metabolic syndrome, SD Standard deviation, HDL High-density lipoprotein
\