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Table 1 Parent and child characteristics and measuresa (N = 1657 dyads)

From: Patterns of food parenting practices regarding junk food and sugary drinks among parent-child dyads

Parent Number Percent
Age (years)
 18–34 188 10.2
 34–44 713 42.8
 45–59 694 43.8
 60+ 47 3.2
Sex
 Male 421 43.5
 Female 1221 56.5
Race/Ethnicity
 Hispanic 117 16.1
 NH black/African American 277 11.8
 NH white 1138 60.0
 NH other 95 12.2
Education Level
  < High school 21 1.1
 High School/GED 272 14.9
 Some college 577 30.7
  ≥ 4-yr college degree 767 53.2
Marital Status
 Married 1179 78.9
 Divorced/widowed/separated 200 8.9
 Never married 157 7.8
 Unmarried couple 92 4.4
Household Income
 $0–$99.999 1287 70.9
 $100,00+ 337 29.1
Parent Mean SD
BMIb 27.7 7.12
Added sugars intake (tsp) 18.0 10.36
Added sugars from beverage intake (tsp) 10.4 12.05
Parenting Practice (JS)c
 CC: negative emotions 2.4 1.14
 CC: restriction 3.5 1.16
 S: monitoring 3.6 1.24
 S: availability 3.5 1.19
 S: modeling 3.2 1.22
 AS: child involvement 3.2 1.17
LPA (JS)c 4.1 0.94
Child n %
Age (years)   
 12 219 13.1
 13 326 19.4
 14 276 16.8
 15 288 16.2
 16 326 21.2
 17 202 13.4
Sex
 Male 810 50.7
 Female 823 49.3
Race/Ethnicity
 Hispanic 160 16.2
 NH black/African American 272 13.8
 NH white 1037 54.9
 NH other 152 15.1
School Type
 Public 1379 84.5
 Private 117 7.0
 Home 104 6.4
 Other 36 2.2
Child Mean SD
BMI percentileb 61.1 29.27
Added sugars intake (tsp) 16.0 7.65
Added sugars from beverage intake (tsp) 6.7 7.01
Parenting Practice (JS)c
 CC: negative emotions 2.4 1.19
 CC: restriction 3.2 1.26
 S: monitoring 3.2 1.32
 S: availability 3.4 1.24
 S: modeling 3.1 1.26
 AS: child involvement 3.1 1.25
LPA (JS)c 3.5 1.16
  1. NH non-Hispanic, SD standard deviation, BMI body mass index, tsp. teaspoon, JS junk food and sugary drinks, CC coercive control, S structure, AS autonomy support, LPA legitimacy of parental authority
  2. aPercentages and means are weighted with dietary survey weights for parents and children
  3. bBased on self-reported height and weight
  4. cScale range is 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree)