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Table 2 Percentage of protein acquired from the most common food sources by sex and age group (years) for the UK (Data: National Diet and Nutrition Survey, 2014–16). Note: Food groups are presented in decreasing order of percentage by sex and 40–54 years age band

From: Comparing supermarket loyalty card data with traditional diet survey data for understanding how protein is purchased and consumed in older adults for the UK, 2014–16

Food Males Food Females
40–54 55–69 70+ 40–54 55–69 70+
Chicken and turkey dishes 14.6 11.5 8.0 Chicken and turkey dishes 15.2 11.0 10.5
White bread 6.3 7.1 5.5 Beef and veal dishes 6.1 6.3 6.9
Pasta, rice and other cereals 5.9 4.0 4.0 Pasta, rice and other cereals 6.0 5.2 3.3
Beef and veal dishes 5.8 7.9 8.1 Semi skimmed milk 5.4 6.1 8.6
Semi skimmed milk 4.9 5.2 7.5 White bread 5.3 4.3 5.9
Vegetables not raw 4.7 4.6 3.7 Vegetables not raw 5.1 5.2 4.1
Cheese 4.4 4.3 5.3 Cheese 4.7 5.2 5.7
Bacon and ham 4.4 5.0 5.9 Bacon and ham 4.6 3.4 3.6
Eggs and egg dishes 3.9 4.0 4.3 Eggs and egg dishes 4.5 4.1 4.3
Other white fish and shellfish dishes 3.1 3.2 2.6 Other white fish and shellfish dishes 3.2 3.6 2.9
Brown granary and wheatgerm bread 2.3 2.8 2.5 Pork and dishes 2.5 2.8 2.3
Oily fish 2.3 2.6 3.9 Brown granary and wheatgerm bread 2.2 2.6 2.0
Burgers and kebabs 2.1 0.8 0.2 Miscellaneous (see Additional file 1) 2.2 1.9 1.8
Sausages 2.1 2.1 2.3 Oily fish 1.9 3.9 3.9
Pork and dishes 2.1 2.9 3.0 Sausages 1.7 1.6 1.2
Miscellaneous 2.0 2.0 2.1 Other potatoes, potato salads & dishes 1.6 1.7 2.5
White fish coated or fried 1.9 1.9 1.7 Nuts and seeds 1.4 1.6 0.6
Lamb and dishes 1.9 1.5 0.9 Fruit 1.4 1.9 1.6
Beer, lager, cider & perry 1.8 1.8 0.8 Biscuits 1.4 1.4 1.6
Chips, roast potatoes and potato products 1.6 1.6 1.3 Lamb and dishes 1.4 1.6 2.5