Skip to main content

Table 2 Associations of DDS, FVS and four DPS with HAZ of children aged < 5 years (n = 514) in the Nouna HDSS

From: Dietary habits associated with growth development of children aged < 5 years in the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System, Burkina Faso

Height-for-Age z-score (HAZ) Per 1 score-point increase Tercile 1 Tercile 2 Tercile 3
β-coef. 95% CI p-value trend   β-coef. 95% CI β-coef. 95% CI
Dietary Diversity Score (DDS)
 Model 1 Crude model: HAZ −0.06 − 0.12, 0.01 0.074 Ref. −0.50 − 0.80, − 0.20 −0.13 − 0.40, 0.14
 Model 2 Model 1 + demographics − 0.02 −0.09 0.04 0.489 Ref. −0.44 −0.76, − 0.12 −0.04 − 0.34, 0.27
 Model 3 Model 2 + socio-economics + clinical − 0.04 −0.11, 0.03 0.314 Ref. −0.37 −0.69, − 0.05 − 0.12 − 0.42, 0.17
Food Variety Score (FVS)
 Model 1 Crude model: HAZ −0.03 −0.05, − 0.01 0.005** Ref. − 0.46 −0.76, − 0.16 −0.43 − 0.71, − 0.15
 Model 2 Model 1 + demographics − 0.02 − 0.05, 0.00 0.057 Ref. −0.41 − 0.73, − 0.09 − 0.33 − 0.65, 0.00
 Model 3 Model 2 + socio-economics + clinical − 0.02 − 0.05, 0.00 0.047* Ref. −0.40 − 0.71, − 0.09 − 0.37 − 0.69, − 0.04
Leaves-based dietary pattern score
 Model 1 Crude model: HAZ − 0.03 − 0.04, − 0.01 0.003** Ref. − 0.21 − 0.50, 0.08 − 0.42 − 0.70, − 0.14
 Model 2 Model 1 + demographics −0.02 − 0.04, 0.00 0.094 Ref. −0.14 − 0.43, 0.15 − 0.29 − 0.61, 0.03
 Model 3 Model 2 + socio-economics + clinical 0.00 −0.02, 0.02 0.807 Ref. 0.05 −0.24, − 0.41 −0.07 − 0.41, 0.26
Beans and poultry-based dietary pattern score
 Model 1 Crude model: HAZ 0.00 −0.03, 0.03 0.788 Ref. −0.10 −0.40, 0.19 0.02 −0.28, 0.31
 Model 2 Model 1 + demographics 0.00 −0.03, 0.04 0.817 Ref. −0.09 −0.38, 0.20 0.08 −0.24, 0.41
 Model 3 Model 2 + socio-economics + clinical −0.01 − 0.04, 0.02 0.490 Ref. −0.14 − 0.42, 0.14 − 0.08 − 0.40, 0.24
Maize and fish-based dietary pattern score
 Model 1 Crude model: HAZ 0.01 −0.02, 0.03 0.522 Ref. 0.00 − 0.30, 0.30 0.00 − 0.28, 0.29
 Model 2 Model 1 + demographics 0.00 −0.03, 0.03 0.993 Ref. − 0.05 −0.36, 0.26 − 0.10 − 0.42, 0.21
 Model 3 Model 2 + socio-economics + clinical 0.00 − 0.03, 0.02 0.909 Ref. −0.24 − 0.54, 0.06 − 0.15 − 0.46, 0.17
Millet and meat-based dietary pattern score
 Model 1 Crude model: HAZ −0.01 − 0.04, 0.01 0.272 Ref. −0.05 −0.32, 0.22 − 0.30 −0.59, 0.00
 Model 2 Model 1 + demographics 0.00 −0.03, 0.02 0.779 Ref. 0.06 −0.21, 0.33 −0.18 − 0.49, 0.13
 Model 3 Model 2 + socio-economics + clinical 0.02 −0.01, 0.05 0.155 Ref. 0.19 −0.09, 0.46 0.07 −0.25, 0.39
  1. * p-value < 0.05, ** p-value < 0.01