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Table 3 The mean and standard deviation of eating behavior scores, total and second half of pregnancy weight gain and birth weight of infants among different tertile groups of personality traits (n = 360)a

From: A longitudinal study on the relationship between mother’s personality trait and eating behaviors, food intake, maternal weight gain during pregnancy and neonatal birth weight

   Restrained eating (score) Emotional eating (score) External eating (score) Total weight gain (kg) Second-half weight gain (kg) Birth weight (kg)
Personality traits N Mean(SD)
Neuroticism
 Low 115 2.38(0.42) 2.44(0.47)ab 2.26(0.50)a 12.33(3.35)a 11.03(3.38)ab 3.12(0.48)ab
 Moderate 149 2.36(0.53) 2.38(0.51)a 2.27(0.50)a 13.5(3.12)b 11.94(3.09)a 3.16(0.47)a
 high 96 2.49(0.54) 2.56(0.50)b 2.48(0.53)b 12.1(3.26)a 10.57(3.24)b 2.99(0.43)b
p-value# 0.14 0.027** 0.002** 0.001** 0.004** 0.02*
Extraversion
 Low 100 2.45(0.54)a 2.43(0.47)ab 2.33(0.54) 12.89(3.12) 11.49(2.92) 3.09(0.46)
 Moderate 142 2.29(0.45)b 2.36(0.49)a 2.27(0.44) 12.87(3.57) 11.2(3.68) 3.14(0.47)
 high 118 2.50(0.51)a 2.56(0.51)b 2.39(0.58) 12.51(3.07) 11.21(3.04) 3.06(0.51)
p-value# 0.002** 0.004** 0.18 0.6 0.7 0.11
Openness
 Low 113 2.36(0.47)a 2.28(0.42)a 2.20(0.44)ab 12.69(2.91) 11.27(2.82) 3.09(0.4)
 Moderate 159 2.36(0.47)ab 2.50(0.52)b 2.32(0.48)a 13.03(3.46) 11.36(3.45) 3.15(0.43)
 high 88 2.55(0.57)b 2.56(0.53)b 3.50(0.63)b 12.35(3.41) 11.17(3.5) 3.02(0.51)
p-value# 0.007** 0.001** 0.001** 0.2 0.9 0.18
Agreeableness
 Low 91 2.39(0.64) 2.41(0.47) 2.32(0.56) 12.84(2.87) 11.23(2.73) 3.15(0.43)
 Moderate 183 2.42(0.46) 2.45(0.49) 2.35(0.47) 12.9(3.41) 11.49(3.49) 3.08(0.46)
 high 86 2.38(0.43) 2.46(0.54) 2.29(0.57) 12.36(3.43) 10.9(3.31) 3.11(0.51)
p-value# 0.74 0.75 0.71 0.4 0.38 0.49
Conscientiousness
 Low 90 2.38(0.52)ab 2.44(0.46)a 2.27(0.49)ab 12.79(3.18)ab 11.28(2.98) 3.25(0.43)a
 Moderate 170 2.34(0.47)a 2.31(0.48)ab 2.24(0.51)a 13.13(3.29)a 11.52(3.29) 3.18(0.46)a
 high 100 2.54(0.51)b 2.68(0.47)b 2.52(0.50)b 12.09(3.29)b 10.88(3.47) 2.96(0.48)b
p-value# 0.005** 0.001** 0.001** 0.04* 0.3 0.001**
  1. aData are presented as Mean (SD), # One way ANOVA, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, Tukey post hoc analysis was done and different letters indicated the significant difference