Skip to main content

Table 2 BMI adjusted and multivariate adjusted cox proportional hazard models for incident hypertension risk based on distributions of adapted dietary inflammatory index

From: Dietary inflammatory index, risk of incident hypertension, and effect modification from BMI

Quintiles of DIIQ1 (< − 2.7)
(n = 9331)
Q2 (− 2.7 - -0.4)
(n = 9330)
Q3 (− 0.4–1.3)
(n = 9330)
Q4 (1.3–3.0)
(n = 9330)
Q5 (>  3.0)
(n = 9331)
P for trend
Cases26972699266425552568 
Person years175,873176,292176,738177,652177,712
M0ref1.00 [0.95: 1.06]0.99 [0.94: 1.04]0.95 [0.90: 1.01]0.97 [0.92: 1.03]0.11
M1ref1.00 [0.94: 1.05]0.98 [0.93: 1.03]0.94 [0.89: 0.99]0.96 [0.91: 1.01]0.02
M2ref1.00 [0.94: 1.05]0.98 [0.93: 1.04]0.95 [0.89: 1.00]0.97 [0.91: 1.03]0.10
M3ref1.03 [0.98: 1.09]1.04 [0.99: 1.10]1.03 [0.97: 1.08]1.07 [1.01: 1.13]0.003
  1. M0 with age as timescale; M1 adjusted for physical activity, smoking, family history of CVD, and education level; M2 M1 + diabetes and dyslipidaemia at baseline; M3 M2 + BMI