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Table 1 Participant demographics depending on population distributions of adapted DII score

From: Dietary inflammatory index, risk of incident hypertension, and effect modification from BMI

Variables (mean, SD)Q1 (< − 2.7)
(n = 9331)
Q2 (− 2.7 - -0.4)
(n = 9330)
Q3 (− 0.4–1.3)
(n = 9330)
Q4 (1.3–3.0)
(n = 9330)
Q5 (>  3.0)
(n = 9331)
DII− 5.3 (2.5)− 1.5 (0.6)0.4 (0.5)2.1 (0.5)4.6 (1.3)
Age (years)50.6 (6.2)50.5 (6.3)50.4 (6.3)49.9 (6.2)49.4 (6.2)
BMI (kg / m2)22.9 (3.0)22.5 (2.8)22.2 (2.7)22.0 (2.7)21.8 (2.7)
Total physical activity (MET-hours/ week)57.4 (31.1)55.7 (30.6)54.0 (29.3)53.1 (29.0)51.2 (28.7)
Diabetes (%)0.90.50.60.30.2
Dyslipidaemia (%)6.06.55.44.83.7
Family history CVD (%)33.933.733.933.833.4
Prior cancer (%)6.56.96.96.57.1
Education (> high school) (%)87.086.586.586.686.0
Smoking (Never/X/current) (n)4519/3421/14094756/3302/12904933/3172/12434994/2986/13685089/2903/1356
Dietary variables (median, SD)
 Total energy (Kcal)2118.0 (539.6)2027.7 (517.0)2031.8 (522.6)2038.0 (515.1)2174.4 (582.4)
 Salt (mg / day)2821.0 (939.0)2665.2 (862.9)2674.7 (863.5)2670.8 (866.2)2846.4 (957.7)
 Potassium (mg / day)4489.0 (1120.4)3908.9 (897.1)3643.6 (884.0)3424.9 (819.5)3225.0 (847.0)
 Vegetables (g / day)257.1 (118.6)185.7 (5.8)142.9 (74.2)114.3 (66.1)85.7 (58.5)
 Fruit (g / day)323.4 (211.2)262.6 (161.7)231.0 (141.8)189.3 (124.4)140.6 (122.1)
 Dietary fibre (g / day)31.1 (8.3)25.7 (6.3)23.4 (6.1)21.5 (5.9)19.8 (6.1)
 Processed meat (g / day)14.5 (19.9)15.1 (17.6)15.7 (16.5)16.4 (16.7)17.1 (17.7)
 Alcohol (g / day)6.3 (12.7)6.9 (13.1)7.2 (13.1)7.2 (13.8)7.3 (15.6)
 Total fats (g / day)87.6 (26.2)83.5 (25.2)83.2 (25.6)84.0 (25.5)91.4 (29.8)
 Mediterranean diet score1.0 (0.9)0.3 (0.6)−0.2 (0.6)−0.5 (0.5)−1.0 (0.6)