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Table 4 Demographic profile of students toward the use of vitamin enriched foods

From: Assessment of attitudes toward functional foods based on theory of planned behavior: validation of a questionnaire

variable   Non-user (%) User (%) Test statistics
(chi-square)
p-value
sex male 144 (34.6%) 50 (40.0%) 1.212 p < 0.271
female 272 (65.4%) 75 (60.0%)
Income < 300,000 18 (4.5%) 3 (2.4%) 9.907 p < 0.042
300,000–700,000 38 (9.5%) 5 (4.1%)
700,000–1,000,000 34 (8.5%) 9 (7.3%)
1,000,000–3,000,000 194 (48.4%) 54 (43.9%)
> 3,000,000 117 (29.2%) 52 (42.3%)
Place of residence urban 367 (89.5%) 120 (95.2%) 3.804 p < 0.050
rural 43 (10.5%) 6 (4.8%)
Place of shopping Local market 89 (22.1%) 8 (6.6%) 27.351 p < 0.000
Chain store 69 (17.1%) 26 (21.5%)
Special foods 49 (12.2%) 30 (24.8%)
Daily bazar 36 (89%) 4 (3.3%)
hypermarkets 120 (29.8%) 38 (31.4%)
Read of nutritional constituents yes 238 (58.3%) 91 (72.8%) 8.476 p < 0.004
no 170 (41.7%) 34 (27.2%)
Familiar with enriched foods yes 211 (51.8%) 93 (74.4%) 19.869 p < 0.000
no 196 (48.2%) 32 (25.6%)
Father’s education level uneducated 12 (2.9%) 1 (0.8%) 20.107 p < 0.000
High school and lower 186 (45.4%) 36 (28.8%)
Bachelor of Science/Art 158 (38.5%) 54 (43.2%)
Master or Ph.D 54 (13.2%) 34 (27.2%)
Mother’s education level uneducated 24 (5.9%) 2 (1.6%) 7.654 P < 0.050
High school and lower 227 (55.5%) 61 (48.8%)
Bachelor of Science/Art 121 (29.6%) 50 (40.0%)
Master or Ph.D 37 (9.0%) 12 (9.6%)