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Table 2 Sample distribution by demographic factors

From: Social circumstances and cultural beliefs influence maternal nutrition, breastfeeding and child feeding practices in South Africa

  Indicator   % (N = 84)
Maternal characteristics Mother/caregiver mean age (yrs) 34.7 ± 11.7  
Maternal education Primary (up to grade 7) 20
Secondary (grade 8–11) 50
Matric (grade 12) 29
Post matric 1
Maternal source of income None 26
Child support grant only 61
Child support grant and other sources 4
Government grant 5
Pension 1
Domestic worker 2
Trainee 1
Household characteristics Household head Female-headed households 56
Male-headed households 44
Household head source of income None 21
Old age grant 17
Government grant 27
Pension 4
Part-time/full time job 31
Household mean food expenditure per month R1124 ± R667  
Mean household size 6.9 ± 3.6 persons  
Child characteristics Mean age in months 16.3 ± 6.1  
Sex of child Female 56
Male 44
Infant breastfeeding practices Immediate breastfeeding initiation 79
Feeding colostrum 79
Never breastfed 21
Exclusive breastfeeding for first 6 months of life Mothers continued breastfeeding till: 12.3 ± 6.1 months 36
Mixed feeding Mean initiation started at: 2.3 ± 1.4 months 16
  Substitute breastfeeding feedinga Mean initiation age: 2.0 ± 1.5 months 49
  1. aThis also includes those children who have never been breastfed