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Table 3 Dietary energy and macronutrient intake among different BMI categories by gender in 2015a,b

From: Gender differences in the relationship between dietary energy and macronutrients intake and body weight outcomes in Chinese adults

Dietary intakeThe underweight BMI categoryThe normal BMI categoryThe overweight BMI categoryThe obesity BMI category
Women (N = 291)Men (N = 183)Women (N = 2931)Men (N = 2220)Women (N = 1933)Men (N = 1820)Women (N = 809)Men (N = 711)
Energy (k cal)1887.7 ± 40.02296.8 ± 65.7***1908.0 ± 12.72234.7 ± 16.8***1948.2 ± 16.12290.3 ± 18.4***1903.2 ± 23.12348.2 ± 30.2***
Fat (g)76.8 ± 2.792.4 ± 4.1***77.0 ± 0.890.0 ± 1.1***79.0 ± 1.092.4 ± 1.1***77.4 ± 1.693.6 ± 1.8***
Protein (g)60.6 ± 1.471.4 ± 2.1***62.1 ± 0.572.2 ± 0.6***62.9 ± 0.675.5 ± 0.7***60.7 ± 0.876.6 ± 1.1***
Carbohydrate (g)237.9 ± 6.0290.0 ± 10.3***240.5 ± 1.9277.7 ± 2.6***245.0 ± 2.5282.6 ± 2.9***240.1 ± 3.4294.1 ± 4.7***
Fat (% E3)35.9 ± 0.736.1 ± 1.035.8 ± 0.235.9 ± 0.336.1 ± 0.336.1 ± 0.335.9 ± 0.435.6 ± 0.4
Protein (% E4)13.0 ± 0.212.8 ± 0.213.3 ± 0.113.2 ± 0.113.1 ± 0.113.4 ± 0.1**13.2 ± 0.113.0 ± 0.1
Carbohydrate (% E5)50.9 ± 0.750.4 ± 1.050.7 ± 0.249.9 ± 0.3 **50.6 ± 0.349.5 ± 0.3**51.0 ± 0.450.3 ± 0.5
  1. aValues are mean (s.e.) for continuous variables and n (%) for categorical variable.b ***, ** and * indicate statistical significance at the 1, 5 and 10% level, respectively. % E3,4,5 means the percentage of energy intake from fat, protein and carbohydrate, respectively