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Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression coefficients for the association of the derived dietary patterns and GWG and GWGR (n = 242).ab

From: Dietary patterns and their associations with gestational weight gain in the United Arab Emirates: results from the MISC cohort

 nGWGGWGRGWGGWGR
mean ± SDmean ± SDInsufficientExcessiveInsufficientExcessive
Diverse pattern
 Q16011.99 ± 8.280.48 ± 0.381111
 Q26111.88 6.360.49 0.300.33 (0.09–1.17)0.38 (0.12–1.22)1.27 (0.45–3.61)1.26 (0.45–3.51)
 Q36111.42 ± 6.280.48 ± 0.290.33 (0.09–1.21)0.40 (0.12–1.31)0.40 (0.15–1.12)0.47 (0.17–1.27)
 Q46012.41 ± 8.080.52 ± 0.380.24 (0.06–0.97)0.40 (0.11–1.43)0.28 (0.09–0.90)0.34 (0.11–1.07)
Western pattern
 Q16110.38 ± 6.440.45 ± 0.301111
 Q25912.65 ± 7.890.52 ± 0.330.95 (0.29–3.10)2.01 (0.71–5.72)0.97 (0.37–2.58)1.85 (0.72–4.71)
 Q36210.84 ± 6.180.47 ± 0.341.43 (0.46–4.48)1.67 (0.57–4.84)1.68 (0.63–4.50)1.52 (0.55–4.18)
 Q46013.86 ± 8.030.55 ± 0.341.73 (0.4–7.55)4.04 (1.07–15.24)2.29 (0.65–8.07)4.38 (1.28–15.03)
  1. aRegression models were adjusted for mother’s age, parity, energy intake, pre-pregnancy BMI, and GDM
  2. bAdequate GWG and GWGR categories were considered as reference